Conference Schedule

Day 01 Schedule

Feb 20, 2020

Plenary Talks

Title:


Abstract



Biography


After graduating from the UVAS Lahore during 1982, Prof Qureshi joined the provincial Livestock Department and was involved in semen processing and veterinary research. In the meantime he joined the University again and completed PhD degree. During 2005 he joined the University of Agriculture, Peshawar as professor and was raised to the status of Dean. He has been involved in teaching, research, development and industrial linkages. Prof Qureshi has advised two successive Chief Ministers on utilization of livestock resources in light of findings under his doctoral thesis research reporting losses of Rs.1043 billion per annum. The farmers were organized and linked with various R&D organizations. Livestock Investment Conference was organized in collaboration with SCCI in 2005 inaugurated by the Chief Minister. He organized the International Workshop on Dairy Science Park -2011 as Chief Organizer, inaugurated by Minister for Agriculture and concluded by the Minister for Livestock. It was attended by 450+ delegates, with 103 technical papers and exhibition by 10 business companies. The Second workshop scheduled for 2013 will focus on developing enterprising capacity of livestock and poultry farmers of Pak-Afghan Region. Presently Prof Qureshi is organizing a working team for converting the livestock and poultry meat production setup in the province into an export base for Halal Food Market under the Dairy Science Park. The provincial government, TIKA-Turkey, Pak-US S&T project, Agribusiness Support Fund, Relief International and KPCCI are assisting in implementation of the plan. This will supplement the medium sized livestock farmers in the region through business support initiatives. Karkila - Display Center has been established for introducing innovations into Food Value Chain with special focus on generating decent employment and exportable surpluses.

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Muhammad Subhan Qureshi

Karkila DSP Display Center
Pakistan

Title:


Abstract



Biography


Ahmed Hegazi is currently a Professor of Microbiology and Immunology in the department of Zoonotic Diseases, National Research Centre, Egypt. Prof. Hegazi received his master's degree in 1979, and his PhD in 1981. Hegazi's research work has been focused lately on bee products and their therapeutic effects. Hegazi Organized and contributed to national and international research projects since 1977 and up till now; he has been the principal investigator on multiple research projects within the National Research Center. He has published 166 scientific papers and articles in national and international journals. He also served on the board of multiple national and international scientific journals. Dr. Hegazi is also the president of the Egyptian Environmental Society for Uses and Production of Bee Products, secretary of the Egyptian Society of Apitherapy, secretary general of the African Federation of Apiculture Associations, and a member of the International Apitherapy Commission (APIMONDIA).

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Ahmed G Hegazi

National Research Center
Egypt

Title: Status of Squat Lobster Off Pearl Coast of Gulf of Mannar, India


Abstract


The study revealed that the squat lobster have recorded and report for the first time in Indian Coast of Gulf of Mannar, off pearl coast, South-east coast of India. The dataset for the two squat lobster super families Galatheoidea and Chirostyloidea (Taxonomy and Phylogeny) and highlights the utility of these groups to global diversity and diversification. Squat lobsters are sporadic, widespread and biological diverse, and, importantly, are well-resolved taxonomically, with recent documentation of all published records for all known genus and species (Family Chirostylidae (9 Species) and Galatheidae (43 species). A total of 52 species (9 from Family Chirostylidae and 43 from Family Galatheidae) are recorded, mostly from the deeper waters of pearl coast of Gulf of Mannar, India. Discards include the unwanted or un-mandated component of “bycatch”, or incidentally caught non-target catch, the bulk by-catch deep sea fauna and flora landed by larger trawlers (more than 400 horse power- 262 trawlers), which operated in deeper waters off pearl waters, the number of specimen of squat lobster was obtained from Southeast and west coast of India. The average depth has calculated from minimum and maximum depth where two depths were available in straight line curve of southeast coast of India; otherwise the single depth record was used for only seasonal occurrence of this species. Ongoing collections continue to explore new offshore regions, between the longitude and latitude, off pearl coast, South India (08° 22.871’N 78° 22.409’E - 08° 31.912’N 78° 25.327’E) at a depth of 185 to 318 M and habitats with the discovery of new species and genera continuing unabated. In order to cover as much available information as possible, different sources were used to extract geographical distributional information for squat lobsters. The crustacean of squat lobster (all by-catch specimen) study revealed that the further stressed that strict management measures need to be undertaken to conserve deep sea fauna and flora species from further to avoid exploitation and to restore or searanching and enhancement of population of stock assessment of the particular crustacean group, the biodiversity of squat lobster population of Gulf of Mannar in general and pearl coast in particular, India.


Biography


Dr. Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D., (Zoology/Fisheries Science), Bharathidasan University, Trichy, India. He holds over 24 years of fisheries resource management and taxonomy, and he has received and awarded (Ph.D) Endeavour International Postgraduate Research Scholarship Award (AUS $ 73,200), Doctor of Philosophy, School of Aquaculture, University of Tasmania, Australia. He has served as Senior Researcher and Lecturer in Government Institution of India, Uganda and Malawi. He has been working as a Lecturer 1, Department of Aquaculture, DMI St. John the Baptist University, Republic of Malawi, Central Africa from July 2018 onwards to till date. He got fisheries experience with 24 years in fisheries biology and resource management and seventeen project was completed and handled with wild extensive field surver from Gulf of Mannar, India and form management and extensions, scientific community tilapia, pangasis, catla, rohu, mirgal, brackishwater species Etroplus, seabass, milk fish, mullets, marine species viz, spiny lobster species, crab, shrimp and prawn, biofloc technology, marine ornamental fish and fisheries, with hatchery and culture, feed management, juvenile, cage culture with Victoria Lake at Uganda, and culture of various species, species like finfish and shellfish groups. Project Head: Breeding, seed production and culture of Nile Tilapia (O. niloticus), Victoria Treasures Limited, Kampala, Uganda, East Africa. He has a penchant desire and devotion to Teaching and Research work in the field of fisheries science. He has good experience in handling the classes on the Taxonomy of finfish and shellfish and advances in fisheries biology and physiology to under and postgraduate students. Dr. Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam has over 103 substantial publications, including 37 papers in international peer-reviewed publications, 26 National peer-reviewed papers, 12 international conference papers 13 co-edited book, monographs, and training manual, 3 reviewed chapter, 201 external report in English and Tamil newspaper report, and he has new records of finfish and shellfish species of marine invertebrate species of 68 numbers were reported for the first time in Indian coast, Indo-West Pacific coast of Gulf of Mannar, India. I am assisted in the taxonomic description of a new species of cuttle-fish Sepia ramani and Sepia prabahari for the first time from world waters.

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Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam

St.John the Baptist University Central Africa

Keynote Talks

Title: Key Factors for Animal Welfare during Transport at the Place of Departure for Long Distance Travels


Abstract


The way of transport of the animals plays a significant role not only in the well-being of animals, but also in the quality of their meat. Thus, a bad quality animal transport related to stress can cause undue suffering to animals, may affect their immune system and can lead to Dark Firm Dry or Pale Soft Exudative Meat. Good preparation and planning at the place of departure are prerequisites to minimize these hazards, especially when the animal transport is long distance. The relative checks should be done firstly at the office of departure and are associated with checks of documentation and guarantees that the organizer of the travel should provide as well as with the numeric and qualitative check of documents, such as authorizations of transporters and vehicles, animals identification, health certificate and journey log. Following, the relevant checks should be done on farm or at the assembly center of departure and are connected with verification checks before, during and after loading of the animals and they refer to the vehicle, the animals and the documents. The key factors that affect animal welfare for these travels are: correct calculation of the whole journey time, proper departure time in order to avoid delays at the borders, necessary rest-stops for watering, feeding and resting of the animals according to their type and category, appropiate weather conditions throughout the journey, a well-maintained, cleaned and disinfected vehicle proper for the animals that transports, well-functioned temperature sensors and sattelite navigation system, adequate feed and bedding, suitable water and ventilation system, right livestock-density, animals of good health and fit for transport, good transport practices, trained transporers, contigency plans for unexpected circumstances.


Biography


Aikaterini Manakidou is an Animal Production Technologist and obtained a Bachelor's Degree from Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Greece in 1993. She has been a Veterinary Service Official for 18 years. She has been dealing with Animal Welfare during Transport, at Slaughter/Killing and on Farms since 2007 and working for the Directorate of Veterinary Services at Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. For the last 9 years she has been performing supervision, guidance, coordination and evaluations of the 7 Regional Units of the Region. She has been a Trainer on Animal Welfare during Transport of regional Veterinarians for 5 years and one of the tutors for training the Transporters to obtain the Certificate of Competency for 3 times. She has 3 participations in the project group of writing the animal transport euro-guide for poultry and she is the Author of the Manual of their national written procedures for the implementation of Animal Welfare during Transport. She has represented her country 4 times to European Commission as a National Expert on the same field and she recently belongs to European Commission's Expert database for the above three fields of Animal Welfare with a view to providing technical assistance and information exchange to countries all over the world.

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Aikaterini Manakidou

Region of Central Macedonia
Greece

Title: Nanotechnologies and Farm Animal Health


Abstract


Nanotechnology, NT represents an important scientific advance and can contribute with several benefits for human and animal’s health. Characterization of nanoparticles NPs is based on the size, morphology and surface charge. NPs can be synthesized by physical, chemical and biological methods. They are metal particles range from 1 to 100 nm, and exhibit different shapes like spherical, triangular, rod, etc which form building blocks of NT. NPs are currently available or under development, can be categorized into four groups: metals, polymers, natural compounds, and nanostructured materials. Synthesizing NPs and methods are costly, toxic and non-eco-friendly. The physico-chemical methods include chemical vapor deposition, physical vapor deposition, grinding systems, and solvother¬mal synthesis. The biological methods include intracellular and extracellular bacteria, fungi and yeast agents. Biosynthesis of NPs using bacteria, fungus cell walls and plants have emerged as a simple and viable alternative intracellular synthesis of NPs.The extracellular synthesis of NPs using microbes is basically found to be nitrate reductase-mediated synthesis secreted by the fungi and helps in the bioreduction of metal ions and synthesis of NPs. Organic NPs (ONPs) referred to as nanocapsules (NC) designed to deliver vitamins or other nutrients in feed without affecting the taste or appearance as well, to enhance the uptake and bioavailability of food additives. Nanosized additives (minerals, vitamins or supplements) developed for food application in human beings can be used for animal feed as liquid vitamin mixes are available for use in poultry and livestock feed. Inorganic NPs (IONPs) are already approved for use in the feed, e.g TiO2 a feed colorant can be used in feed packaging


Biography


Zakia A M Ahmed, professor doctor of animal ,poultry and environment hygiene, faculty of veterinary medicine , Cairo university, Giza ,Egypt (Full professor 1996 till date ). Degrees and professional qualifications (DVSC. 1980, MVS.1984 and Ph. D 1986). Field of expertise animal, poultry and fish farming health, management and diseases control .Managing and alleviation environment stress, pollution, contaminants (air, water, soil and farm bedding, mortalities) and impact on animal & poultry immune responses and performance .I had been awarded a peace fellowship to USA, Virginia Poly-tech Institute and State University for Avian medicine researches (Impact of different environment gaseous pollutants on bird immune response to E.Coli O157 and NDV) Faculty of veterinary medicine , Blacksburg, Virginia,USA . Awarded to KSA between 1996-2006 as full professor teaching and supervisors for postgrads candidates (Marine and territorial ecosystems, environment pollution and conservation) .Director of Unit of Ashing Animal Carcasses and Environment Contaminants, Faculty of Vet. Med, Cairo University 2012-2014. Chairman Dept. of Veterinary Hygiene and Management, Faculty of Vet. Med.CU, 2013-2017. Reviewer in many local and international journals, organizations and associations. Participating many national, regional and local conferences , symposium and workshops in fields of veterinary medicine. Member in Promotion committee for assistant and full professor upgrade IN Egypt for veterinary medicine sciences.

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Zakia A M Ahmed

Cairo University
Egypt

Title: Use of Holistic Medicine for the Welbeing of Wild Life Animals


Abstract


Every year thousands of hectares of tropical forests disappear and silently, many wildlife species die with them. The mortalities of the rescued animals are very high and those that survive get into centers for attention and never return to their original ecosystems. It usually arrives in conditions of starvation, dehydration, malnutrition and abuse in addition to suffering from emotional problems - depression, dislocation, sadness and confusion as a result of kidnapping and aggression - conditions that lead to death. Unknowing the biology and emotional needs of the species and based solely on the information generated through the so-called "zoo medicine", complex situations are generated that usually endanger the life of the individuals. The most frequent pathologies are usually respiratory, digestive, emotional disturbances, physical traumas and skin problems. For both allopathic and bioenergetic medicine, animal welfare should be the mainstay of treatment. That is why those treatments that do not cause pain and discomfort, and that are also easy to administer and pleasant for the patient are more appropriate for wildlife. Thus, through the application of the wide range of holistic medicine disciplines, all the requirements for a pleasant treatment and considering wildlife could be met.


Biography


Tinka Plese, Croatian scientist, conservationist, has lived in Colombia since 1987. After finishing her graduate degree in natural sciences in Croatia, she worked for two years at the University of Miami in the PhD programme. In 1996 she received two sloths to be atended and rehabilitated. She never imagined that this humanitarian act would change the course of her professional life. She is a founder and leads the program of the AIUNAU Foundation. Tinka Plese has been a member of the IUCN SSC Anteater, Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group since 2009.

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Tinka Plese

AIUNAU CEO
Colombia

Sessions:

Workshop

Session Chair:

Aikaterini Manakidou
Region of Central Macedonia
Greece

Title: Leptospira Epidemiology in Dairy Cattle of Bangladesh


Abstract


Bovine Leptospirosis causes enormous economic loss due to reproduction failure. No scientific attempt has previously been taken to investigate epidemiological diversity of Leptospira in commercial dairy cattle of Bangladesh. Hence, a cross –sectional study was conducted in 19 upazillas from 12 districts of 7 divisions were randomly chosen for the study. A total 43 dairy cattle farm, 1 – 6 farms per upazilla was recruited based on the presence of increasing abortion history within past six months. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information through face to face interview and direct observation. Blood and urine samples and aborted fetuses were collected for laboratory evaluation. Sero–positivity for Leptospira was evaluated on the samples obtained using ELISA technique. Dark Field Microscopy Examination was carried on urine samples. Aborted fetus was evaluated through bacteriological culturing followed by PCR. The PCR positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. The overall sero – prevalence of Leptospira was 17.9% in dairy cattle in Bangladesh. The proportionate Leptospira prevalence was 55.6 % in cattle (n=45) and 32% in fetuses (n=25) and 32% in specimens obtained from fetuses (n=100) were estimated from urine and fetal sample, respectively. Breed and age were identified as potential risk factors for Leptospira sero – prevalence in dairy cattle. One of the sequences of Leptospira isolate in the present study had a close congener (78%) of the sequence of Leptospira isolated from cattle in Brazil. Overall results suggest Leptospira is commonly circulating in dairy cattle in Bangladesh.


Biography


Dr. Md. Rayhan Faruque is currently working as Professor at the Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh. Dr Faruque received his PhD Degree on Veterinary Medicine from the CVASU in 2017. Dr. Faruque received the MSc degree from the Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, BAU, Bangladesh in 1990 and MVSc degree from the Copenhagen University, Denmark in 2003. Dr. Faruque served many administrative positions in CVASU like Director of Clinics, Head of the Department, and Dean, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, CVASU. Dr. Faruque is a Member in Environment and Social Welfare Society, India.”

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Rayhan Faruque

Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Bangladesh

Title: Applied Zoopharmacognosy


Abstract


Zoopharmacognosy is the practice in which wild animals self-medicate using an evolutionary adaptation in which their innate instinct enables them to communicate and relate with medicinal plants within their environment, to bring about health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, domestication has restricted the opportunity for animals to use their instinctive knowledge to select nature's medicines. Through evolution and natural selection, the relationship between animals and plants has resulted in animals developing a number of strategies to utilize the medicinal properties of plants. Wild animals are able to seek out medicinal plants at the first signs of poor health, but because our domesticated and captive animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on a wide variety of medicinal plants, more challenging health problems often occur. Applied Zoopharmacognosy takes nature’s medicine kit to animals in captive and domestic environments, allowing the animal to express its innate ability to self-medicate by offering a wide range of plant compounds. Depending on where and what the problem is, will determine how an animal will choose to self-medicate. The state of an animal’s health can alter the taste and smell preferences of a plant, for a healthy animal it would be deterred by the plants bitter taste and perhaps putrid smell. Once the selected plants have dealt with the problem the animal should then proceed to reject the extracts that have been selected, demonstrating the animals very own dosing mechanism. Animals with the same symptoms may choose to select a different remedy which is why this approach highlights the fact that this is individualized medicine.


Biography


Bethany Chamberlin has completed her Bachelor of Science from Writtle University College and has furthered her studies at the Academy Of Applied Zoopharmacognosy. Today, Bethany continues to help animals by providing them with the opportunity to use their innate abilitly to self medicate and enrich the enivornments in which animals live. She gives lectures to college and university students and has written many articles

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Beth Chamberlin

Writtle University College United Kingdom

Title: How to Assess the Welfare of the Animals at the Place of Destination after a Long Distance Transport.


Abstract


The welfare of the animals after a long distance transport can be assessed at the place of destination via checking the physical appearance and behaviour of the animals, some specific parameters of the means of transport and the documents that accompany and are related to the transport. Thus, animals arriving at a slaughterhouse or at a farm, which are seriously ill or injured, are stressed, hurt or suffer, are thirsty and hungry denote a bad quality transport and major issues of their welfare. The quality of the transport can also be assessed by checking the vehicle and mainly the drinkers, the fans and the inclination of its ramp. Finally, the welfare of the animals during transport can be evaluated by the inspector, the farmer or the keeper at the place of destination through checking the relevant documents, such as printouts of temperatures of the inside compartments of the vehicle, of tachographs and of sattelite navigation system, all sections of the journey log as each one gives different kind of information and through contrasting among the various documents. These documents can give useful information regarding the stocking density, the duration of the transport, the number and the length of the stops for watering, feeding and resting of the animals throughout their journey. Therefore, although sometimes animals may seem to be fine by their appearance after their unloading at the place of destination, a thorough check of the documents can reveal serious animal welfare infringments during their transport.


Biography


Aikaterini Manakidou is an Animal Production Technologist and obtained a Bachelor's Degree from Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Greece in 1993. She has been a Veterinary Service Official for 18 years. She has been dealing with Animal Welfare during Transport, at Slaughter/Killing and on Farms since 2007 and working for the Directorate of Veterinary Services at Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. For the last 9 years she has been performing supervision, guidance, coordination and evaluations of the 7 Regional Units of the Region. She has been a Trainer on Animal Welfare during Transport of regional Veterinarians for 5 years and one of the tutors for training the Transporters to obtain the Certificate of Competency for 3 times. She has 3 participations in the project group of writing the animal transport euro-guide for poultry and she is the Author of the Manual of their national written procedures for the implementation of Animal Welfare during Transport. She has represented her country 4 times to European Commission as a National Expert on the same field and she recently belongs to European Commission's Expert database for the above three fields of Animal Welfare with a view to providing technical assistance and information exchange to countries all over the world.

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Aikaterini Manakidou

Region of Central Macedonia, Greece

Day 02 Schedule

Feb 21, 2020

Plenary Talks

Title: Inoculation of Chicken Embryos with Cerebrospinal Fluid from Schizophrenic Patients. Immuno-Electron Microscope Study.


Abstract


There is increasing evidences that favor the prenatal beginning of schizophrenia. These evidences point toward intra-uterine environmental factors that act specifically during the second pregnancy trimester producing a direct damage of the brain of the fetus. The current available technology doesn't allow observing what is happening at cellular level since the human brain is not exposed to a direct analysis in that stage of the life in subjects at high risk of developing schizophrenia. Methods. In 1977 we began a direct electron microscopic research of the brain of fetuses at high risk from schizophrenic mothers in order to finding differences at cellular level in relation to controls. Results. In these studies we have observed within the nuclei of neurons the presence of complete and incomplete viral particles that reacted in positive form with antibodies to herpes simplex hominis type I [HSV1] virus, and mitochondria alterations. Conclusion. The importance of these findings can have practical applications in the prevention of the illness keeping in mind its direct relation to the aetiology and physiopathology of schizophrenia. A study of amniotic fluid cells in women at risk of having a schizophrenic offspring is considered. Of being observed the same alterations that those observed previously in the cells of the brain of the studied foetuses, it would intend to these women in risk of having a schizophrenia descendant, previous information of the results, the voluntary medical interruption of the pregnancy or an early anti HSV1 viral treatment as preventive measure of the later development of the illness.


Biography


Segundo Mesa Castillo, As Specialist in Neurology, he worked for 10 years in the Institute of Neurology of Havana, Cuba. He has worked in Electron Microscopic Studies on Schizophrenia for 32 years. He was awarded with the International Price of the Stanley Foundation Award Program and for the Professional Committee to work as a fellowship position in the Laboratory of the Central Nervous System Studies, National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke under Dr. Joseph Gibbs for a period of 6 months, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, Washington D.C. USA, June 5, 1990.

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Segundo Mesa Castillo

Psychiatric Hospital of Havana
Cuba

Title: The Art of Rehabilitation – The Process of Wildlife Rehab since the View of Compassion


Abstract


Efforts to conserve wildlife globally are becoming stronger, before the threat of defaunación by loss of the natural ecosystems, which in turn alters the biogeochemical cycles and impacts on the world- wide climate. For this reason, the emergence of rehabilitation projects for the release and reintroduction of rescued wild species has increased in recent decades. The mortality of those rescued animals is usually high, and the rehabilitation process seriously compromises animal welfare and conservation. In addition, the widespread belief that rehabilitated animals cannot return to natural ecosystems seriously affect them. An adequate rehabilitation program should provide animals with personalized attention, safety, living space, adequate food and respect. The rehabilitator must understand compassion and share it with the afflicted being so that it feels in a safe space and expresses his naturalness. You should also recognize that the emotional states in the early childhood of animals are of vital, and determines all appropriate management according to the species, throughout all process. But knowing the needs of affection and space, necessary for the manifestation of the natural behavior and independence of the human make the process an art, art that the AIUNAU foundation calls rehabilitation with compassion.


Biography


Tinka Plese, Croatian scientist, conservationist, has lived in Colombia since 1987. After finishing her graduate degree in natural sciences in Croatia, she worked for two years at the University of Miami in the PhD programme. In 1996 she received two sloths to be atended and rehabilitated. She never imagined that this humanitarian act would change the course of her professional life. She is a founder and leads the program of the AIUNAU Foundation. Tinka Plese has been a member of the IUCN SSC Anteater, Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group since 2009.

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Tinka Plese

AIUNAU CEO
Colombia

Title: Plant- based biofilters, made of Ulva and periphyton, to improve total nitrogen removal in mariculture effluent and as feeds for marine fish - an Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture system (IMTA)


Abstract


The environmental footprint of mariculture is a major obstacle towards the expansion of this agro-industry. Additional economic constraints are the high costs of effluent treatment and expensive, non-sustainable ingredients in aquafeeds. Biofilters made of Ulva and periphyton differ in their effectiveness in removing ammonia and nitrate from mariculture effluents. The practicality of a combination of these two biofilters in improving the overall removal of dissolved N was evaluated by integrating an Ulva-periphyton biofilter for the treatment of mariculture effluent in an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture system (IMTA). The paired biofilter resulted in a nearly total depletion of ammonia (97%) and efficient nitrate removal (67%). While Ulva favors uptake of TAN over NO3-N, periphyton reveal no preference between them, with flexible shifts between TAN and NO3-N uptake. Kinetics model of nitrogen removal revealed TAN areal load to determine N uptake rate and efficiency by both the Ulva and periphyton. The potential of the protein-rich Ulva and periphyton, produced in the biofilter, in feeding of marine fish was further evaluated. When served fresh to fingerlings of the marbled spine-foot Siganus rivulatus, both Ulva and periphyton significantly reduced commercial aquafeeds in diet of this fish. In other feeding trials, Ulva or periphyton from biofilters was dried, powdered, and integrated into pelleted aquafeeds of the carnivorous sea bream Sparus aurata. Both Ulva and periphyton meals successfully replaced all the expensive fishmeal in the pellets while not harming fish growth performances.


Biography


Lior Guttman obtained his Ph.D. from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. After a brief Post-Doc at the same institute he was appointed to head the microbiology and water quality department at the National Center for Mariculture of Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research. He is studying recirculating and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems and their biofilters made of bacteria or algae, considering nutrients recycling and the use of produced biomass in nutrition. Using metagenomics tools he is studying microbial ecology in the hypertrophic environment of aquaculture considering inter-community and host- microbes interactions.

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Lior Guttman

The National Center for Mariculture of Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research
Israel

Title: Leptospira Epidemiology in Dairy Cattle of Bangladesh


Abstract


Bovine Leptospirosis causes enormous economic loss due to reproduction failure. No scientific attempt has previously been taken to investigate epidemiological diversity of Leptospira in commercial dairy cattle of Bangladesh. Hence, a cross –sectional study was conducted in 19 upazillas from 12 districts of 7 divisions were randomly chosen for the study. A total 43 dairy cattle farm, 1 – 6 farms per upazilla was recruited based on the presence of increasing abortion history within past six months. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information through face to face interview and direct observation. Blood and urine samples and aborted fetuses were collected for laboratory evaluation. Sero–positivity for Leptospira was evaluated on the samples obtained using ELISA technique. Dark Field Microscopy Examination was carried on urine samples. Aborted fetus was evaluated through bacteriological culturing followed by PCR. The PCR positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. The overall sero – prevalence of Leptospira was 17.9% in dairy cattle in Bangladesh. The proportionate Leptospira prevalence was 55.6 % in cattle (n=45) and 32% in fetuses (n=25) and 32% in specimens obtained from fetuses (n=100) were estimated from urine and fetal sample, respectively. Breed and age were identified as potential risk factors for Leptospira sero – prevalence in dairy cattle. One of the sequences of Leptospira isolate in the present study had a close congener (78%) of the sequence of Leptospira isolated from cattle in Brazil. Overall results suggest Leptospira is commonly circulating in dairy cattle in Bangladesh.


Biography


Dr. Md. Rayhan Faruque is currently working as Professor at the Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh. Dr Faruque received his PhD Degree on Veterinary Medicine from the CVASU in 2017. Dr. Faruque received the MSc degree from the Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, BAU, Bangladesh in 1990 and MVSc degree from the Copenhagen University, Denmark in 2003. Dr. Faruque served many administrative positions in CVASU like Director of Clinics, Head of the Department, and Dean, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, CVASU. Dr. Faruque is a Member in Environment and Social Welfare Society, India.”

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Rayhan Faruque

Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Bangladesh

Title: Applied Zoopharmacognosy


Abstract


Zoopharmacognosy is the practice in which wild animals self-medicate using an evolutionary adaptation in which their innate instinct enables them to communicate and relate with medicinal plants within their environment, to bring about health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, domestication has restricted the opportunity for animals to use their instinctive knowledge to select nature's medicines. Through evolution and natural selection, the relationship between animals and plants has resulted in animals developing a number of strategies to utilize the medicinal properties of plants. Wild animals are able to seek out medicinal plants at the first signs of poor health, but because our domesticated and captive animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on a wide variety of medicinal plants, more challenging health problems often occur. Applied Zoopharmacognosy takes nature’s medicine kit to animals in captive and domestic environments, allowing the animal to express its innate ability to self-medicate by offering a wide range of plant compounds. Depending on where and what the problem is, will determine how an animal will choose to self-medicate. The state of an animal’s health can alter the taste and smell preferences of a plant, for a healthy animal it would be deterred by the plants bitter taste and perhaps putrid smell. Once the selected plants have dealt with the problem the animal should then proceed to reject the extracts that have been selected, demonstrating the animals very own dosing mechanism. Animals with the same symptoms may choose to select a different remedy which is why this approach highlights the fact that this is individualized medicine.


Biography


Bethany Chamberlin has completed her Bachelor of Science from Writtle University College and has furthered her studies at the Academy Of Applied Zoopharmacognosy. Today, Bethany continues to help animals by providing them with the opportunity to use their innate abilitly to self medicate and enrich the enivornments in which animals live. She gives lectures to college and university students and has written many articles

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Beth Chamberlin

Writtle University College
United Kingdom

Sessions: