Conference Schedule

Day 01 Schedule

Feb 20, 2020

Plenary Talks

Title:


Abstract



Biography


After graduating from the UVAS Lahore during 1982, Prof Qureshi joined the provincial Livestock Department and was involved in semen processing and veterinary research. In the meantime he joined the University again and completed PhD degree. During 2005 he joined the University of Agriculture, Peshawar as professor and was raised to the status of Dean. He has been involved in teaching, research, development and industrial linkages. Prof Qureshi has advised two successive Chief Ministers on utilization of livestock resources in light of findings under his doctoral thesis research reporting losses of Rs.1043 billion per annum. The farmers were organized and linked with various R&D organizations. Livestock Investment Conference was organized in collaboration with SCCI in 2005 inaugurated by the Chief Minister. He organized the International Workshop on Dairy Science Park -2011 as Chief Organizer, inaugurated by Minister for Agriculture and concluded by the Minister for Livestock. It was attended by 450+ delegates, with 103 technical papers and exhibition by 10 business companies. The Second workshop scheduled for 2013 will focus on developing enterprising capacity of livestock and poultry farmers of Pak-Afghan Region. Presently Prof Qureshi is organizing a working team for converting the livestock and poultry meat production setup in the province into an export base for Halal Food Market under the Dairy Science Park. The provincial government, TIKA-Turkey, Pak-US S&T project, Agribusiness Support Fund, Relief International and KPCCI are assisting in implementation of the plan. This will supplement the medium sized livestock farmers in the region through business support initiatives. Karkila - Display Center has been established for introducing innovations into Food Value Chain with special focus on generating decent employment and exportable surpluses.

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Muhammad Subhan Qureshi

Karkila DSP Display Center
Pakistan

Title:


Abstract



Biography


Ahmed Hegazi is currently a Professor of Microbiology and Immunology in the department of Zoonotic Diseases, National Research Centre, Egypt. Prof. Hegazi received his master's degree in 1979, and his PhD in 1981. Hegazi's research work has been focused lately on bee products and their therapeutic effects. Hegazi Organized and contributed to national and international research projects since 1977 and up till now; he has been the principal investigator on multiple research projects within the National Research Center. He has published 166 scientific papers and articles in national and international journals. He also served on the board of multiple national and international scientific journals. Dr. Hegazi is also the president of the Egyptian Environmental Society for Uses and Production of Bee Products, secretary of the Egyptian Society of Apitherapy, secretary general of the African Federation of Apiculture Associations, and a member of the International Apitherapy Commission (APIMONDIA).

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Ahmed G Hegazi

National Research Center
Egypt

Title: Status of Squat Lobster Off Pearl Coast of Gulf of Mannar, India


Abstract


The study revealed that the squat lobster have recorded and report for the first time in Indian Coast of Gulf of Mannar, off pearl coast, South-east coast of India. The dataset for the two squat lobster super families Galatheoidea and Chirostyloidea (Taxonomy and Phylogeny) and highlights the utility of these groups to global diversity and diversification. Squat lobsters are sporadic, widespread and biological diverse, and, importantly, are well-resolved taxonomically, with recent documentation of all published records for all known genus and species (Family Chirostylidae (9 Species) and Galatheidae (43 species). A total of 52 species (9 from Family Chirostylidae and 43 from Family Galatheidae) are recorded, mostly from the deeper waters of pearl coast of Gulf of Mannar, India. Discards include the unwanted or un-mandated component of “bycatch”, or incidentally caught non-target catch, the bulk by-catch deep sea fauna and flora landed by larger trawlers (more than 400 horse power- 262 trawlers), which operated in deeper waters off pearl waters, the number of specimen of squat lobster was obtained from Southeast and west coast of India. The average depth has calculated from minimum and maximum depth where two depths were available in straight line curve of southeast coast of India; otherwise the single depth record was used for only seasonal occurrence of this species. Ongoing collections continue to explore new offshore regions, between the longitude and latitude, off pearl coast, South India (08° 22.871’N 78° 22.409’E - 08° 31.912’N 78° 25.327’E) at a depth of 185 to 318 M and habitats with the discovery of new species and genera continuing unabated. In order to cover as much available information as possible, different sources were used to extract geographical distributional information for squat lobsters. The crustacean of squat lobster (all by-catch specimen) study revealed that the further stressed that strict management measures need to be undertaken to conserve deep sea fauna and flora species from further to avoid exploitation and to restore or searanching and enhancement of population of stock assessment of the particular crustacean group, the biodiversity of squat lobster population of Gulf of Mannar in general and pearl coast in particular, India.


Biography


Dr. Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D., (Zoology/Fisheries Science), Bharathidasan University, Trichy, India. He holds over 24 years of fisheries resource management and taxonomy, and he has received and awarded (Ph.D) Endeavour International Postgraduate Research Scholarship Award (AUS $ 73,200), Doctor of Philosophy, School of Aquaculture, University of Tasmania, Australia. He has served as Senior Researcher and Lecturer in Government Institution of India, Uganda and Malawi. He has been working as a Lecturer 1, Department of Aquaculture, DMI St. John the Baptist University, Republic of Malawi, Central Africa from July 2018 onwards to till date. He got fisheries experience with 24 years in fisheries biology and resource management and seventeen project was completed and handled with wild extensive field surver from Gulf of Mannar, India and form management and extensions, scientific community tilapia, pangasis, catla, rohu, mirgal, brackishwater species Etroplus, seabass, milk fish, mullets, marine species viz, spiny lobster species, crab, shrimp and prawn, biofloc technology, marine ornamental fish and fisheries, with hatchery and culture, feed management, juvenile, cage culture with Victoria Lake at Uganda, and culture of various species, species like finfish and shellfish groups. Project Head: Breeding, seed production and culture of Nile Tilapia (O. niloticus), Victoria Treasures Limited, Kampala, Uganda, East Africa. He has a penchant desire and devotion to Teaching and Research work in the field of fisheries science. He has good experience in handling the classes on the Taxonomy of finfish and shellfish and advances in fisheries biology and physiology to under and postgraduate students. Dr. Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam has over 103 substantial publications, including 37 papers in international peer-reviewed publications, 26 National peer-reviewed papers, 12 international conference papers 13 co-edited book, monographs, and training manual, 3 reviewed chapter, 201 external report in English and Tamil newspaper report, and he has new records of finfish and shellfish species of marine invertebrate species of 68 numbers were reported for the first time in Indian coast, Indo-West Pacific coast of Gulf of Mannar, India. I am assisted in the taxonomic description of a new species of cuttle-fish Sepia ramani and Sepia prabahari for the first time from world waters.

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Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam

St.John the Baptist University Central Africa

Keynote Talks

Title: Key Factors for Animal Welfare during Transport at the Place of Departure for Long Distance Travels


Abstract


The way of transport of the animals plays a significant role not only in the well-being of animals, but also in the quality of their meat. Thus, a bad quality animal transport related to stress can cause undue suffering to animals, may affect their immune system and can lead to Dark Firm Dry or Pale Soft Exudative Meat. Good preparation and planning at the place of departure are prerequisites to minimize these hazards, especially when the animal transport is long distance. The relative checks should be done firstly at the office of departure and are associated with checks of documentation and guarantees that the organizer of the travel should provide as well as with the numeric and qualitative check of documents, such as authorizations of transporters and vehicles, animal's identification, health certificate and journey log. Following, the relevant checks should be done on farm or at the assembly center of departure and are connected with verification checks before, during and after loading of the animals and they refer to the vehicle, the animals and the documents. The key factors that affect animal welfare for these travels are: correct calculation of the whole journey time, proper departure time in order to avoid delays at the borders, necessary rest-stops for watering, feeding and resting of the animals according to their type and category, appropiate weather conditions throughout the journey, a well-maintained, cleaned and disinfected vehicle proper for the animals that transports, well-functioned temperature sensors and sattelite navigation system, adequate feed and bedding, suitable water and ventilation system, right livestock-density, animals of good health and fit for transport, good transport practices, trained transporers, contigency plans for unexpected circumstances.


Biography


Aikaterini Manakidou is an Animal Production Technologist and obtained a Bachelor's Degree from Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Greece in 1993. She has been a Veterinary Service Official for 18 years. She has been dealing with Animal Welfare during Transport, at Slaughter/Killing and on Farms since 2007 and working for the Directorate of Veterinary Services at Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. For the last 9 years she has been performing supervision, guidance, coordination and evaluations of the 7 Regional Units of the Region. She has been a Trainer on Animal Welfare during Transport of regional Veterinarians for 5 years and one of the tutors for training the Transporters to obtain the Certificate of Competency for 3 times. She has 3 participations in the project group of writing the animal transport euro-guide for poultry and she is the Author of the Manual of their national written procedures for the implementation of Animal Welfare during Transport. She has represented her country 4 times to European Commission as a National Expert on the same field and she recently belongs to European Commission's Expert database for the above three fields of Animal Welfare with a view to providing technical assistance and information exchange to countries all over the world.

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Aikaterini Manakidou

Region of Central Macedonia
Greece

Title: Nanotechnologies and Farm Animal Health


Abstract


Nanotechnology, NT represents an important scientific advance and can contribute with several benefits for human and animal’s health. Characterization of nanoparticles NPs is based on the size, morphology and surface charge. NPs can be synthesized by physical, chemical and biological methods. They are metal particles range from 1 to 100 nm, and exhibit different shapes like spherical, triangular, rod, etc which form building blocks of NT. NPs are currently available or under development, can be categorized into four groups: metals, polymers, natural compounds, and nanostructured materials. Synthesizing NPs and methods are costly, toxic and non-eco-friendly. The physico-chemical methods include chemical vapor deposition, physical vapor deposition, grinding systems, and solvother¬mal synthesis. The biological methods include intracellular and extracellular bacteria, fungi and yeast agents. Biosynthesis of NPs using bacteria, fungus cell walls and plants have emerged as a simple and viable alternative intracellular synthesis of NPs.The extracellular synthesis of NPs using microbes is basically found to be nitrate reductase-mediated synthesis secreted by the fungi and helps in the bioreduction of metal ions and synthesis of NPs. Organic NPs (ONPs) referred to as nanocapsules (NC) designed to deliver vitamins or other nutrients in feed without affecting the taste or appearance as well, to enhance the uptake and bioavailability of food additives. Nanosized additives (minerals, vitamins or supplements) developed for food application in human beings can be used for animal feed as liquid vitamin mixes are available for use in poultry and livestock feed. Inorganic NPs (IONPs) are already approved for use in the feed, e.g TiO2 a feed colorant can be used in feed packaging


Biography


Zakia A M Ahmed, professor doctor of animal ,poultry and environment hygiene, faculty of veterinary medicine , Cairo university, Giza ,Egypt (Full professor 1996 till date ). Degrees and professional qualifications (DVSC. 1980, MVS.1984 and Ph. D 1986). Field of expertise animal, poultry and fish farming health, management and diseases control .Managing and alleviation environment stress, pollution, contaminants (air, water, soil and farm bedding, mortalities) and impact on animal & poultry immune responses and performance .I had been awarded a peace fellowship to USA, Virginia Poly-tech Institute and State University for Avian medicine researches (Impact of different environment gaseous pollutants on bird immune response to E.Coli O157 and NDV) Faculty of veterinary medicine , Blacksburg, Virginia,USA . Awarded to KSA between 1996-2006 as full professor teaching and supervisors for postgrads candidates (Marine and territorial ecosystems, environment pollution and conservation) .Director of Unit of Ashing Animal Carcasses and Environment Contaminants, Faculty of Vet. Med, Cairo University 2012-2014. Chairman Dept. of Veterinary Hygiene and Management, Faculty of Vet. Med.CU, 2013-2017. Reviewer in many local and international journals, organizations and associations. Participating many national, regional and local conferences , symposium and workshops in fields of veterinary medicine. Member in Promotion committee for assistant and full professor upgrade IN Egypt for veterinary medicine sciences.

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Zakia A M Ahmed

Cairo University
Egypt

Title: Use of Holistic Medicine for the Welbeing of Wild Life Animals


Abstract


Every year thousands of hectares of tropical forests disappear and silently, many wildlife species die with them. The mortalities of the rescued animals are very high and those that survive get into centers for attention and never return to their original ecosystems. It usually arrives in conditions of starvation, dehydration, malnutrition and abuse in addition to suffering from emotional problems - depression, dislocation, sadness and confusion as a result of kidnapping and aggression - conditions that lead to death. Unknowing the biology and emotional needs of the species and based solely on the information generated through the so-called "zoo medicine", complex situations are generated that usually endanger the life of the individuals. The most frequent pathologies are usually respiratory, digestive, emotional disturbances, physical traumas and skin problems. For both allopathic and bioenergetic medicine, animal welfare should be the mainstay of treatment. That is why those treatments that do not cause pain and discomfort, and that are also easy to administer and pleasant for the patient are more appropriate for wildlife. Thus, through the application of the wide range of holistic medicine disciplines, all the requirements for a pleasant treatment and considering wildlife could be met.


Biography


Tinka Plese, Croatian scientist, conservationist, has lived in Colombia since 1987. After finishing her graduate degree in natural sciences in Croatia, she worked for two years at the University of Miami in the PhD programme. In 1996 she received two sloths to be atended and rehabilitated. She never imagined that this humanitarian act would change the course of her professional life. She is a founder and leads the program of the AIUNAU Foundation. Tinka Plese has been a member of the IUCN SSC Anteater, Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group since 2009.

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Tinka Plese

AIUNAU CEO
Colombia

Sessions:

Title: Leptospira Epidemiology in Dairy Cattle of Bangladesh


Abstract


Bovine Leptospirosis causes enormous economic loss due to reproduction failure. No scientific attempt has previously been taken to investigate epidemiological diversity of Leptospira in commercial dairy cattle of Bangladesh. Hence, a cross –sectional study was conducted in 19 upazillas from 12 districts of 7 divisions were randomly chosen for the study. A total 43 dairy cattle farm, 1 – 6 farms per upazilla was recruited based on the presence of increasing abortion history within past six months. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information through face to face interview and direct observation. Blood and urine samples and aborted fetuses were collected for laboratory evaluation. Sero–positivity for Leptospira was evaluated on the samples obtained using ELISA technique. Dark Field Microscopy Examination was carried on urine samples. Aborted fetus was evaluated through bacteriological culturing followed by PCR. The PCR positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. The overall sero – prevalence of Leptospira was 17.9% in dairy cattle in Bangladesh. The proportionate Leptospira prevalence was 55.6 % in cattle (n=45) and 32% in fetuses (n=25) and 32% in specimens obtained from fetuses (n=100) were estimated from urine and fetal sample, respectively. Breed and age were identified as potential risk factors for Leptospira sero – prevalence in dairy cattle. One of the sequences of Leptospira isolate in the present study had a close congener (78%) of the sequence of Leptospira isolated from cattle in Brazil. Overall results suggest Leptospira is commonly circulating in dairy cattle in Bangladesh.


Biography


Dr. Md. Rayhan Faruque is currently working as Professor at the Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh. Dr Faruque received his PhD Degree on Veterinary Medicine from the CVASU in 2017. Dr. Faruque received the MSc degree from the Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, BAU, Bangladesh in 1990 and MVSc degree from the Copenhagen University, Denmark in 2003. Dr. Faruque served many administrative positions in CVASU like Director of Clinics, Head of the Department, and Dean, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, CVASU. Dr. Faruque is a Member in Environment and Social Welfare Society, India.”

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Rayhan Faruque

Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Bangladesh

Title: Do Staff Dogs Improve Well being, Recruitment and Retention in UK Veterinary Practices?


Abstract


Dogs can decrease employee stress (Barker et al, 2012), provide social support (Allen et al, 2002 & Tarkan, 2013), enhance performance (Allen et al, 2001) and improve employee satisfaction and mood (Perrine & Wells, 2006). These benefits must be considered alongside concerns that pets in the workplace could: be considered a nuisance or unclean (Rampenthal, 2012), a source of inciting or exacerbating allergies (DeLucca et al, 2000), cause property damage or problems with landlords and potential legal concerns (Foreman et al, 2017). Employees working within veterinary practice are likely to experience all of the same benefits from having their own dogs at work and, due to the nature of the job, may be more likely to be allowed to bring their dogs to work. The perceived down sides of presence of dogs in the workplace are already inherent in veterinary practices due to the routine presence of canine patients, but the health & safety, legal and animal welfare considerations are all still valid concerns. Yet, this policy has received very little scientific scrutiny. The veterinary profession provides education and safeguarding on animal welfare issues, therefore it would seem reasonable that they would ensure provision of adequate accommodation & care for staff dogs. This study aims to investigate current provision of support for staff dogs within veterinary practices in the UK and to provide guidance for veterinary employers and employees on measures to protect the welfare of the practice, employees (both dog owning & non dog owning) and the dogs themselves.


Biography


Claire qualified from the University of Glasgow Veterinary Scool in 1999 and has worked in small animal practice throughout that time. Claire completed a part time PhD in Animal Welfare and Behaviour at the University of Lincoln in 2010. Claire opened a new start first opinion and veterinary behaviour referral practice in 2011. Claire has lectured on the subjects of animal welfare and behaviour for the past 15 years and continues to research and teach in this subject.

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Claire L Corridan

University of Glasgow Veterinary
UK

Title:


Abstract


Will be updated soon


Biography


Akintunde Akintoye is an Assistant Farm Manager at CHI Farm Limited, Oyo state Nigeria. He previously served as the Resident Farm veterinarian in the same company for 2years and was given the Best veterinary officer for the year 2018. He organizes trainings and seminars on poultry and livestock Management, effective vaccination program and Biosecurity Protocol. He was the resident veterinary Officer at Etsako Central Local Government Veterinary Clinic in 2014. He is the CEO of Avian Mart and Agro veterinary Consult, located in Ibadan Oyo state, Nigeria. He received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) from Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

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Akintunde Akintoye

CHI Farms Nigeria

Title: Animal Welfare


Abstract


Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal; the treatment that an animal receives is covered by other terms such as animal care, animal husbandry, and humane treatment. Protecting an animal's welfare means providing for its physical and mental needs. Animal welfare is a multi-faceted issue, which implies important scientific, ethical, economic and political dimensions. Animal welfare as a ‘formal discipline’ started with the publication of the Brambell report on the welfare of farm animals, issued by the British government in 1965.The study of animal welfare includes husbandry and human–animal interactions, the multi-faceted approach has to include collaboration between the natural and social sciences. Farm animal welfare concern is limited in developing countries compared to developed nations. The farm animal welfare concerns can be seen from viewpoints they are kept and management practices, mainly in systems where animals are kept in confinement for most of their lives, feeding methods, health care situations, and expression of their normal behaviors. The use of an ethical basis for animal welfare standards requires some generally accepted principles on how animals should be treated and used by humans. In general; animals have enormous capacity to feel a huge range of emotions, to learn from their experiences, to adapt to challenges, and to suffer when their needs are either ignored or disrespected. It is now time, in the evolution of the relationship between humans and animals, to move forward with this knowledge and take real action to improve the lives of farm animals. The use of behavioral principles should improve efficiency of livestock handling and reduce stress on animals. Changing public opinion about the importance of good animal welfare and applying legislative actions will be important in animal production systems especially in developing countries where the poor animal welfare is immense and production management is below sub standards.


Biography


Ruth has completed her BA degree in economics in Addis Ababa University, and she is studying MA degree in Admas University. She is an examiner in Ethiopia custom and revenue commission. She has been participated in different volunteering and charity organization. And she has been nominated as Global Good will Ambassador from Ethiopia in 2019.

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Ruth Getachew

Admas University Ethiopia

Title: Applied Zoopharmacognosy


Abstract


Zoopharmacognosy is the practice in which wild animals self-medicate using an evolutionary adaptation in which their innate instinct enables them to communicate and relate with medicinal plants within their environment, to bring about health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, domestication has restricted the opportunity for animals to use their instinctive knowledge to select nature's medicines. Through evolution and natural selection, the relationship between animals and plants has resulted in animals developing a number of strategies to utilize the medicinal properties of plants. Wild animals are able to seek out medicinal plants at the first signs of poor health, but because our domesticated and captive animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on a wide variety of medicinal plants, more challenging health problems often occur. Applied Zoopharmacognosy takes nature’s medicine kit to animals in captive and domestic environments, allowing the animal to express its innate ability to self-medicate by offering a wide range of plant compounds. Depending on where and what the problem is, will determine how an animal will choose to self-medicate. The state of an animal’s health can alter the taste and smell preferences of a plant, for a healthy animal it would be deterred by the plants bitter taste and perhaps putrid smell. Once the selected plants have dealt with the problem the animal should then proceed to reject the extracts that have been selected, demonstrating the animals very own dosing mechanism. Animals with the same symptoms may choose to select a different remedy which is why this approach highlights the fact that this is individualized medicine.


Biography


Bethany Chamberlin has completed her Bachelor of Science from Writtle University College and has furthered her studies at the Academy Of Applied Zoopharmacognosy. Today, Bethany continues to help animals by providing them with the opportunity to use their innate abilitly to self medicate and enrich the enivornments in which animals live. She gives lectures to college and university students and has written many articles

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Beth Chamberlin

Writtle University College United Kingdom

Title:


Abstract


Wiil be updated soon


Biography


Zinabu Nigus Belay has been working as a Assistant Researcher at Humera Agricultural Research Center, Humera, simultaneously pursuing MSc at Mekelle University, Mekell , Ethiopia . He previously worked as a Farm Manager, Veterinary Technician and Assistant Researcher at Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Abi-Adi, Ethiopia. He has published few articles in National Journals. He does his contribution as an Researcher by teaching farmers concerning to Animal Health.

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Zinabu Nigus

Humera Agricultural Research Center Ethiopia

Title:


Abstract


Will be updated soon


Biography


Berhanu Tadesse Sori, currently working in Livestock Nutrition Center LLC, Ethiopia as an Expert. He did his Bachelors degree in animal science at Jimma University. He also had experiences in few researches in Poultry Production. He received an Certificate Award for active participation and effort for the betterment of Artificial Insemination Techniques (AI)

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Berhanu Tadesse Sori

Livestock Nutrition Center LLC Ethiopia

Day 02 Schedule

Feb 21, 2020

Plenary Talks

Title: Inoculation of Chicken Embryos with Cerebrospinal Fluid from Schizophrenic Patients. Immuno-Electron Microscope Study.


Abstract


There is increasing evidences that favor the prenatal beginning of schizophrenia. These evidences point toward intra-uterine environmental factors that act specifically during the second pregnancy trimester producing a direct damage of the brain of the fetus. The current available technology doesn't allow observing what is happening at cellular level since the human brain is not exposed to a direct analysis in that stage of the life in subjects at high risk of developing schizophrenia. Methods. In 1977 we began a direct electron microscopic research of the brain of fetuses at high risk from schizophrenic mothers in order to finding differences at cellular level in relation to controls. Results. In these studies we have observed within the nuclei of neurons the presence of complete and incomplete viral particles that reacted in positive form with antibodies to herpes simplex hominis type I [HSV1] virus, and mitochondria alterations. Conclusion. The importance of these findings can have practical applications in the prevention of the illness keeping in mind its direct relation to the aetiology and physiopathology of schizophrenia. A study of amniotic fluid cells in women at risk of having a schizophrenic offspring is considered. Of being observed the same alterations that those observed previously in the cells of the brain of the studied foetuses, it would intend to these women in risk of having a schizophrenia descendant, previous information of the results, the voluntary medical interruption of the pregnancy or an early anti HSV1 viral treatment as preventive measure of the later development of the illness.


Biography


Segundo Mesa Castillo, As Specialist in Neurology, he worked for 10 years in the Institute of Neurology of Havana, Cuba. He has worked in Electron Microscopic Studies on Schizophrenia for 32 years. He was awarded with the International Price of the Stanley Foundation Award Program and for the Professional Committee to work as a fellowship position in the Laboratory of the Central Nervous System Studies, National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke under Dr. Joseph Gibbs for a period of 6 months, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, Washington D.C. USA, June 5, 1990.

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Segundo Mesa Castillo

Psychiatric Hospital of Havana
Cuba

Title: The Art of Rehabilitation – The Process of Wildlife Rehab since the View of Compassion


Abstract


Efforts to conserve wildlife globally are becoming stronger, before the threat of defaunación by loss of the natural ecosystems, which in turn alters the biogeochemical cycles and impacts on the world- wide climate. For this reason, the emergence of rehabilitation projects for the release and reintroduction of rescued wild species has increased in recent decades. The mortality of those rescued animals is usually high, and the rehabilitation process seriously compromises animal welfare and conservation. In addition, the widespread belief that rehabilitated animals cannot return to natural ecosystems seriously affect them. An adequate rehabilitation program should provide animals with personalized attention, safety, living space, adequate food and respect. The rehabilitator must understand compassion and share it with the afflicted being so that it feels in a safe space and expresses his naturalness. You should also recognize that the emotional states in the early childhood of animals are of vital, and determines all appropriate management according to the species, throughout all process. But knowing the needs of affection and space, necessary for the manifestation of the natural behavior and independence of the human make the process an art, art that the AIUNAU foundation calls rehabilitation with compassion.


Biography


Tinka Plese, Croatian scientist, conservationist, has lived in Colombia since 1987. After finishing her graduate degree in natural sciences in Croatia, she worked for two years at the University of Miami in the PhD programme. In 1996 she received two sloths to be atended and rehabilitated. She never imagined that this humanitarian act would change the course of her professional life. She is a founder and leads the program of the AIUNAU Foundation. Tinka Plese has been a member of the IUCN SSC Anteater, Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group since 2009.

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Tinka Plese

AIUNAU CEO
Colombia

Title: Plant- based biofilters, made of Ulva and periphyton, to improve total nitrogen removal in mariculture effluent and as feeds for marine fish - an Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture system (IMTA)


Abstract


The environmental footprint of mariculture is a major obstacle towards the expansion of this agro-industry. Additional economic constraints are the high costs of effluent treatment and expensive, non-sustainable ingredients in aquafeeds. Biofilters made of Ulva and periphyton differ in their effectiveness in removing ammonia and nitrate from mariculture effluents. The practicality of a combination of these two biofilters in improving the overall removal of dissolved N was evaluated by integrating an Ulva-periphyton biofilter for the treatment of mariculture effluent in an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture system (IMTA). The paired biofilter resulted in a nearly total depletion of ammonia (97%) and efficient nitrate removal (67%). While Ulva favors uptake of TAN over NO3-N, periphyton reveal no preference between them, with flexible shifts between TAN and NO3-N uptake. Kinetics model of nitrogen removal revealed TAN areal load to determine N uptake rate and efficiency by both the Ulva and periphyton. The potential of the protein-rich Ulva and periphyton, produced in the biofilter, in feeding of marine fish was further evaluated. When served fresh to fingerlings of the marbled spine-foot Siganus rivulatus, both Ulva and periphyton significantly reduced commercial aquafeeds in diet of this fish. In other feeding trials, Ulva or periphyton from biofilters was dried, powdered, and integrated into pelleted aquafeeds of the carnivorous sea bream Sparus aurata. Both Ulva and periphyton meals successfully replaced all the expensive fishmeal in the pellets while not harming fish growth performances.


Biography


Lior Guttman obtained his Ph.D. from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. After a brief Post-Doc at the same institute he was appointed to head the microbiology and water quality department at the National Center for Mariculture of Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research. He is studying recirculating and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems and their biofilters made of bacteria or algae, considering nutrients recycling and the use of produced biomass in nutrition. Using metagenomics tools he is studying microbial ecology in the hypertrophic environment of aquaculture considering inter-community and host- microbes interactions.

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Lior Guttman

The National Center for Mariculture of Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research
Israel

Title: Leptospira Epidemiology in Dairy Cattle of Bangladesh


Abstract


Bovine Leptospirosis causes enormous economic loss due to reproduction failure. No scientific attempt has previously been taken to investigate epidemiological diversity of Leptospira in commercial dairy cattle of Bangladesh. Hence, a cross –sectional study was conducted in 19 upazillas from 12 districts of 7 divisions were randomly chosen for the study. A total 43 dairy cattle farm, 1 – 6 farms per upazilla was recruited based on the presence of increasing abortion history within past six months. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information through face to face interview and direct observation. Blood and urine samples and aborted fetuses were collected for laboratory evaluation. Sero–positivity for Leptospira was evaluated on the samples obtained using ELISA technique. Dark Field Microscopy Examination was carried on urine samples. Aborted fetus was evaluated through bacteriological culturing followed by PCR. The PCR positive samples were further sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. The overall sero – prevalence of Leptospira was 17.9% in dairy cattle in Bangladesh. The proportionate Leptospira prevalence was 55.6 % in cattle (n=45) and 32% in fetuses (n=25) and 32% in specimens obtained from fetuses (n=100) were estimated from urine and fetal sample, respectively. Breed and age were identified as potential risk factors for Leptospira sero – prevalence in dairy cattle. One of the sequences of Leptospira isolate in the present study had a close congener (78%) of the sequence of Leptospira isolated from cattle in Brazil. Overall results suggest Leptospira is commonly circulating in dairy cattle in Bangladesh.


Biography


Dr. Md. Rayhan Faruque is currently working as Professor at the Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh. Dr Faruque received his PhD Degree on Veterinary Medicine from the CVASU in 2017. Dr. Faruque received the MSc degree from the Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, BAU, Bangladesh in 1990 and MVSc degree from the Copenhagen University, Denmark in 2003. Dr. Faruque served many administrative positions in CVASU like Director of Clinics, Head of the Department, and Dean, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, CVASU. Dr. Faruque is a Member in Environment and Social Welfare Society, India.”

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Rayhan Faruque

Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Bangladesh

Title: Applied Zoopharmacognosy


Abstract


Zoopharmacognosy is the practice in which wild animals self-medicate using an evolutionary adaptation in which their innate instinct enables them to communicate and relate with medicinal plants within their environment, to bring about health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, domestication has restricted the opportunity for animals to use their instinctive knowledge to select nature's medicines. Through evolution and natural selection, the relationship between animals and plants has resulted in animals developing a number of strategies to utilize the medicinal properties of plants. Wild animals are able to seek out medicinal plants at the first signs of poor health, but because our domesticated and captive animals rarely have the opportunity to forage on a wide variety of medicinal plants, more challenging health problems often occur. Applied Zoopharmacognosy takes nature’s medicine kit to animals in captive and domestic environments, allowing the animal to express its innate ability to self-medicate by offering a wide range of plant compounds. Depending on where and what the problem is, will determine how an animal will choose to self-medicate. The state of an animal’s health can alter the taste and smell preferences of a plant, for a healthy animal it would be deterred by the plants bitter taste and perhaps putrid smell. Once the selected plants have dealt with the problem the animal should then proceed to reject the extracts that have been selected, demonstrating the animals very own dosing mechanism. Animals with the same symptoms may choose to select a different remedy which is why this approach highlights the fact that this is individualized medicine.


Biography


Bethany Chamberlin has completed her Bachelor of Science from Writtle University College and has furthered her studies at the Academy Of Applied Zoopharmacognosy. Today, Bethany continues to help animals by providing them with the opportunity to use their innate abilitly to self medicate and enrich the enivornments in which animals live. She gives lectures to college and university students and has written many articles

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Beth Chamberlin

Writtle University College
United Kingdom

Sessions:

Title: Title of the Presentation – Management of Ticks Using Green Synthesis of Silver Non Particles and its Detrimental Effect on the Growth and Development


Abstract


Ticks are serious vectors of a wide range of infectious diseses agents harmful to humans and animals. Prevention of Tick bite is mainly based on the use of insecticides and acaricides but injudicious use of chemicals has developed the resistance in targeted ticks as well as environmental pollution, and contamination of livestock meat and milk. The present work focused on the production, characterization and application of silver nanoparticles against ticks of animals. We used an environmentally friendly extracellular biosynthetic technique for the production of these SNPs by using Ficus religiose leaves. UV-Vis spectral analysis signposted absorbance of 1.216 at 490nm when running from 300nm to 800nm wavelength. Microscopy technique was used to estimate the size of nanoparticle. The size ranging from 15nm to 85nm. Ticks were provided with the silver-nanoparticle coating. After 24, 48, 72 hours, retarted growth of ticks was observed. The mortality in the treatment group and control group was 95% and 10% respectively. Further, few resistance genes were studied in treated and non tretaed groups of ticks through RT-PCR. Some of the developmental related genes were also down regulated in treated ticks as compared to control. So, it can be concluded that silver-nanoparticles possess fatality and abnormal effect in nanoparticles group of Ticks. Green-synthesis of these particles is an efficient, profitable and environmentally friendly approach to control veterinary pests.


Biography


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Jam Nazeer Ahmad

University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Pakistan

Title: Effects of Plumage Colour on Measureable Attributes of Indigenous Chickens in North Central Nigeria


Abstract


The influence of plumage colour on measureable attributes of 6176 adult indigenous chickens of mixed sex from four states of the North Central Zone of Nigeria namely; Nasarawa, Niger, Benue, Kogi and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja were assessed. The overall average body weight of the chickens was 1.95 0.03kg. The body weights of black, white, black/white, brown, black/brown, grey and mottled chicken however were 1.87±0.04, 1.94±0.04, 1.95±0.03, 1.93±0.03, 2.01±0.04, 1.96±0.04 and 1.94±0.14kg respectively. Only body length did not vary by plumage colour. The others; body weight and width, shank, comb and breast length, breast height (P<0.001), beak and wing lengths (P<0.001) varied significantly. Generally no colour was out rightly superior to others in all body measurements. However, body weight and breast height were both highest in black/brown chickens which also had the second highest breast length. Body width, shank, beak, comb and wing lengths were highest in grey chickens but lowest in those with white colour and combinations. Egg qualities were on the other hand mostly lowest in grey chickens. In selection for genetic improvement in body measurements, black/brown and grey chickens should be favoured. However, in view of the known negative relationship between body weight and egg attributes, selection in favour of grey plumage may result in chickens of poor egg attributes. Therefore, grey chickens should be selected against egg quality.


Biography


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Joseph J. Okoh

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
Nigeria

Title: Productive Life and Heat Tolerance of Holstein Friesian Cows Selected for Large Versus Constant Body Size


Abstract


The objective of this study was to compare Holstein Friesian cows for direct and correlated responses to selection for large versus constant body size. An experimental herd of Holstein Friesian cows at the Agricultural Research and Development Station (ARDS) Simnic- Craiova, Romania has been selected since 1989 for large line versus constant body size line. Progeny were assigned to the same genetic line as their dams. Data included cows born after January 1, 2005 and all cows had the opportunity to be in the herd 84 months or culled for different reason for the herd. Body weight and thee body mimesis were recorded for all cow and their calves, after calving and one month after calving. Days in milk were summed across lactation. Production records at 305 days were used and number of artificial insemination services to conception was recorded. Calving ease was coded on a linear scale from 1 to 5 (1 for no assistance and 5 cesarean section). Physiological traits such as rectal temperature (RT), respiration rate (RR) and pulse rate (PR) were used as indicators for heat stress during hot summers. Results from analysis of positives one, and there are reported. The body weight of cows to one month after calving in the large line was greater with 11% (first location, 14% second location) and 16% (third location) compared with the cows in the constant line. The increase in stature (height at the withers) was less pronounced 5%, 6% and 6.5% (in first, second and third location) for the cows in large line compared with the cows in the constant line. Average milk production of the cows in the constant line, over time was greater than other cows in the large line, but differences were not statistically significant. Most feed consumed by milking cows in the constant line was for milk production rather than for body maintenance. All differences in line averages for number of services favored the constant line, and were statistically significant in the first and second location. Both lines had an average score of 3.5 on a 1 to 5 scale of calving difficulty at first calving. Average calf weight at birth differed for all three locations, and the average difference was 2.3 kg, 2.2 kg and 2.4 kg for lactation first, second and third, respectively. Regarding productive life, the difference between lines was 98 days, and favored cows in the constant line. The 98-day differences represent a 16.9% advantage for cows in the constant line. Averages for RT, RR and PR varied significantly. (P ≤ 0.5) between the two lines during hot summers indicating that cows in the large line were suffering heat stress. The results of this study suggest that increased body size of Holstein Friesian cows determined a decreased productive life and a less tolerance to heat in hot summers. Over the long period selection for traits with positive impact on profitability should result in cows of acceptable size.


Biography


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Găvan Constantin

1Agricultural Research and Development Station
Romania

Title: Performance Characteristics and Blood Parameters of Wad Ewe Fed Selected Indigenous Tree Forages in South Western, Nigeria


Abstract


The country Nigeria is endowed with varieties of Tree forages and shrubs that are cheap, available all year-round and less demanded by humans. These plants when properly harnessed as alternative fodder resources in both monogastric and ruminant nutrition will reduce competition between man and animals for conventional food. The nutritional potentials of ten selected forages: Bridelia micrantha, Ficus sur, Gmelina arborea, Albizia saman, Merremia aegyptia, Tithonia diversifolia, Melanthera scandis, Sida acuta, Newbouldia laevis and Aspilia africana were therefore investigated. Chemical composition of the forages was determined while in vitro degradability study was carried out. Ranking acceptability by sheep of the forages was done using relative preference index (RPI). The feeding trial lasted for 84 days where the four accepted forages were fed as supplement to Panicum maximum. Twenty West African dwarf ewe were subjected to five dietary treatments with four animals per treatment in a completely randomized design. Performance characteristics, nitrogen utilisation and blood parameters were determined. Chemical composition revealed that F. sur had highest (p < 0.05) crude protein (23.42%), neutral detergent fiber (58.07%) and iron concentration (711.17 ppm). In vitro study showed that B. macaranthi had the highest (p < 0.05) gas production (36.00 mL/200mgDM) at 48 hour while the least volume (18.00 mL/200 mgDM) was obtained in S. acuta and A. africana. Ranking for acceptability on the basis of RPI, B. macaranthi > F. sur > G. arborea > A. saman were observed. Sheep fed B. macaranthi + P. maximum had highest (p < 0.05) weight gain (3.47 kg) and best feed conversion ratio (14.25). Highest daily feed intake of 0.61 kg and nitrogen intake (22.92 g/d) were recorded in sheep fed F. sur + P. maximum. Sheep fed P. maximum only had highest (p < 0.05) CP digestibility (70.46%). Highest values (p < 0.05) of 31.67%, 10.57 g/dL, 11.50 x 10 12/l and 82.00 g/dl were observed in PCV, Hb, RBC and glucose respectively in sheep fed F. sur + P. maximum. Sheep fed G. arborea had highest total volatile fatty acid (138.67 Mm/100mL) while the least (105.67 Mm/100mL) was recorded in sheep fed P. maximum only. Sheep fed P. maximum + G. arborea had highest (P < 0.05) acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid (59.00, 37.00 and 45.00 Mm/100mL respectively). It is concluded that the selected browse forages could be offered to sheep without detrimental effects and that blood profile of sheep fed F. sur improved significantly.


Biography


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Lukman Akanji Omoniyi

Federal University of Agriculture Nigeria

Title: Study on the Investigation/Analysis of Clinical Fasciolosis Cases in Cattle


Abstract


Among the many parasitic problems of the bovine species, fasciolosis is the major diseases which impose direct and indirect economic impact on livestock production in bovine species. A cross sectional study was conducted from February, 2017 to April, 2018 to investigate bovine fasciolosis and to estimate the magnitude of direct economic loss of bovine fasciolosis. The investigation of bovine fasciolosis in VTH incorporated breed, sex, age, origin of animal and breed as a risk factor for the occurrence of falosciosis, however there were no significant difference observed, these could be due to the presence of similar agro-climatic conditions and allowed animals to graze on the same pasture and drinking on common water point and the following prevention and controle measures were taken such as Farmers should be awere of transmission methods and control strategies of fasciola Strategic use of anthelminthic should be performed to reduce pasture contamination with fasciola eggs, Draining or fencing of marshy areas and utilization of swampy areas for crop production, Regular deworming program before and after the rainy season should be done and Lastly, combinations of control measures including drainage, grazing management, and regular deworming have to be used to insure satisfactory degree of control.


Biography


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Abraham Belete

University of Gondar Ethiopia

Title: Nutritional Value of Tiger Nut (Cyperus Esculentus) Offal on the Performance of Broiler Chickens


Abstract


A 56 - day experiment was conducted to evaluate the response of broiler chickens fed graded levels of Tiger nut offal (TNO) as an energy source. Five iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets tagged T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, were compounded to contain 23 and 20% crude protein and 2800 and 3000 kcal/kg of metabolizable energy for starter and finisher phases, respectively. The TNO was included at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% levels in treatments, respectively such that T1 served as the control diet. A total 200 birds were allotted to the 5 treatment groups, replicated 4 times in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD); each replicate was allotted 10 birds. The results showed that there were no significant variation (P>0.05) in the values obtained for growth parameters, economics of production, haematological parameters and serum biochemistry. However, there was significant difference (P<0.05) in dressed weight (1155.00 vs. 1350.00 vs. 1350.00 vs. 1525.00 and 1530.00 gbird-1) and shanks weight (59.50 vs. 100.00 vs. 67.00 vs. 85.00 and 60.00 gbird-1) which increased across the treatments as the levels of inclusion of TNO increased in the diets. Birds fed the diets 15 (T4) and 20% (T5) gave the best results compared to those fed the control and other levels. From the results of this experiment, poultry farmer can use up to 20% of TNO as a replacement for conventional energy source in the diet of broiler chickens without compromising the meat quality and health status of the birds.


Biography


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Samuel Emmanuel ALU

Federal University of Agriculture Nigeria

Title: Bovine Brucellosis in Cameroon: Kap Survey And Prevalence in Bulk Milk Farming of the Vina Division


Abstract


Bovine brucellosis caused by Brucella abortus, remains one of the most widespread zoonosis in the world dangerous to human and animal health. This disease is of particular significance in developing countries. It is at the origin of reproductive disorders which results in huge economic losses to dairy farmers. That is why a cross-sectional study was conducted in 137 dairy farms of the Vina Division (Adamawa-Cameroon) from January to August 2017. Figure 1 : Geographical area of study OBJECTIVE The main goal of this study was to Contribute to the economic growth of farms and to the safeguarding of animal health and that of cattle breeders of the Vina Division. METHODS Ninety cattle breeders were surveyed on their knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on brucellosis. Furthermore, 137 samples of bulk milk from 137 Vina farms were analyzed using the indirect ELISA technique with the help of the BRUCELISA M kit. RESULTS This survey revealed that 70% of the breeders have heard of brucellosis. However, among those aware, the majority (79.37%) chose the bovine species as the only species that could be affected by brucellosis; the association of lameness and abortions was designated as the main characteristic signs (28.57%) of brucellosis in animals; a small proportion (17.46%) claimed that this disease could be transmitted to humans; in addition, the main transmission routes listed were contact with infected animals (9.09%) and consumption of unpasteurized milk associated with consumption of contaminated meat (36.36%). Moreover, in case of suspected brucellosis in the herd, the attitude that the most breeders (39.69%) will always adopt is that of trying to treat the animals; a majority of farmers (57.14%) will sometimes try to sell the animals at the market; almost all farmers (96.83%) will never buy a vaccine. The prevalence of brucellosis obtained (2.92%) in the Vina Division was low. Figure 2 : Bovine Brucellosis Prevalence in each subdivision of Vina Division CONCLUSION Though the low prevalence obtained, awareness campaigns on methods of prophylaxis must be continuously brought to improve the knowledge of cattle breeders, so as to reduce the prevalence of this zoonosis to nil.


Biography


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Fotsac Dzousse Muller

University of the Mountains Cameroon

Title: Growth Performance, Apparent Digestibility and Plasma Osmolality of Water Restricted Xhosa Ear Lobe Goats Fed Diets Supplemented with Vitamin C during Summer


Abstract


The continuous shortfall in rainfall patterns and high environmental temperature especially in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world affect animal production. If economic losses and animal stress are intended to be reduced, there is a need for sound management practices to be implemented. Thus, the effect of single and/or multiple vitamin C (VC) on water stress response during summer was evaluated in forty-two Xhosa ear-lobe does. Does were randomly divided to seven groups of six, one (GI, control) received ad libitum water daily (W100%) and the other six (GII, WR-70% of ad-lib; GIII, WR-50% of adlib; GIV, WR-70% of ad lib+VC (3g/day orally); GV, WR-50% of ad lib+VC (3g/day orally); GVI, WR-70% of ad lib+VC (3g/day orally+5g extras every 8th day)); GVII, WR-50% of ad lib+VC (3g/day orally+5g extras on every 8th day)) were water restricted with or without vitamin C (either single or multiple dosing). The final body weight after 75 days of water restriction across the various treatment groups did not differ (P>0.05). However, values recorded for water-restricted untreated animals (GII and GIII) were low compared to the ad libitum group (GI). This decrease in final weight was attenuated in the water-restricted treated group (GIV, GV, GVI and GVII). The DM, OM, CF, EE and NFE digestibility were similar (P>0.05) in the entire water restricted group. However, the digestibility coefficients obtained following water restrictions were higher (P<0.05) than the ad libitum watered group. the high plasma osmolality (Na, K, Mg, Cl, and Ca) due to water restriction were lowered following administration of VC. The high plasma osmolality (Na, K, Mg, Cl, and Ca) due to water restriction were lowered following administration of VC.


Biography


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Oluwakamisi Festus Akinmoladun

University of Fort Hare South Africa