Professor (Dr.) Raphael Idem completed his PhD from University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada and postdoctoral studies from the same university. He has worked briefly in industry. He is the director of The Clean Energy Technologies Research Institute (CETRI), a premier research center on clean energy in the University of Regina, Canada. He is also the Saskatchewan Power (SaskPower) Research Chair in Clean Energy. He has published more than 200 papers in reputed journals and has served as guest editor/editorial board member in reputed journals and books. He has served as a member of the organizing committee for many international conferences.