Elisabeth Deindl graduated at the ZMBH in Heidelberg, Germany, where she worked on hepatitis B viruses. Thereafter, she joined the lab of Wolfgang Schaper at the Max-Planck-Institute in Bad Nauheim, where she started to decipher the molecular mechanisms of arteriogenesis. After a short detour on stem cells, she focused again on arteriogenesis becoming a leading expert in the field. By using a peripheral model of arteriogenesis, she demonstrated that collateral artery growth is a matter of innate immunity and presents a blueprint of sterile inflammation. Recently, she identified extracellular RNA as trigger of sterile inflammationin the vasculature.