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Plenary Talks

Abstract

In recent studies, we have revealed that there are some novel cuts of quartz crystal exhibiting the highly treasured cubic frequency-temperature relations which are currently utlized only with the AT- and SC-cut. Through setting the first- and second-order derivatives of the frequency with respect to temperature to zeroes, a family of quartz crystal cuts with different temperatures of zero frequency (turnover temperatures) has been found examined. It is now possible to create quartz crystal resonators with turnover temperature near its operating temperature to keep the resonator functioning in a lean and more natural state, as ostensibly necessary such as in space, underwater, Polar Regions, warm, cold, and underground environment by quartz crystal sensors for pressure, temperature, and other purposes. By selecting a few cuts based on orientations from our study, we analyzed the thickness-shear vibrations of quartz crystal plates to confirm the ultrastable frequency-temperature relations with the theory of incremental thermal field and Mindlin plate equations and presenting comparisons with known AT- and SC-cut to demonstrate that resonators with newly found novel cuts which can also achieve exceptional frequency stability as demanded. It is hoped that the analysis will provide essential and optimal design parameters for the development of quartz crystal resonators with preselected turnover temperatures as demanded by specific applications. The widely used sensors in gas and petroleumindustries are the best match with the newly discovered cuts of quartz crystals for various applications with wide operating temperatures.

Biography

Dr. Ji Wang has been a QianjiangChair Professor at Ningbo University since 2002 and the founding director of the Piezoelectric Device Laboratory. Hehas extensive industrial experiences as engineers and consultants to global acoustic wave devices companies. Professor Ji Wang also held visiting positions at Chiba University, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and Argonne National Laboratory. He received his PhD from Princeton in 1996. Professor Wang has been working on acoustic waves in piezoelectric solids for resonator design and analysis in his research with three US patents and over 130 journal papers. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Structural Longevity since 2015.

Speaker
Ji Wang / Ningbo University
CHINA

Abstract

Biography

Prof. Atef Abdelhady is Academic staff in the British University in Egypt . He holds a B.SC. and M.S degree in Petroleum Engineering. He holds a PhD degree in the specialty of Petroleum Production Engineering. He has 40 years in oil and gas industry as a manager for all activities associated with treatment and processing of oil and gas onshore and offshore locations. Also during my carrier in oil and gas business was responsible to transfer field experience to all engineers and others. I represent Egypt in oil and gas conferences outside Egypt as speaker. An SPE active member for more than 35 years. During his career, he has authored several technical papers in Egypt and USA. He has been selected as a qualified candidate for inclusion in the 1998 edition of International Who’s Who Membership. He has training skills and experience inside and outside Egypt. He has 25 year in oil and gas condition in gas&oilfields offshore and onshore . He has many years in oil andGas activities advance safety technologies to enhance and optimize operations. Did some workshop for Society petroleum Engineering in production optimization in Egypt and Kuwait

Speaker
Atef Abdelhady / British University
Egypt

Abstract

Biography

Raoof Gholami is a drilling and geomechanical engineer in the Department of Petroleum Engineering at Curtin University, Malaysia. He received his PhD from Shahrood University of Technology, Iran in 2014. Raoof is supervising a number of PhD students and is involved in a number of research and consulting projects in the area of geomechanics and drilling. He has done several projects related to petroleum geomechanics for various companies and has also been a consulting engineer on various geomechanics related projects. His main research area of interests are wellbore stability and integrity issues, rock characterizations, anisotropy analysis and well path design.

Speaker
Raoof Gholami Mian Poshteh / Curtin University
Malaysia

Keynote Talks

Abstract

This paper is overview comparison of presence of the NORM between, soil sample was collected from a tomato field was treated by phosphate fertilizers, and scale and sludge samples were collected from an oil field , the two fields are relatively close (less than 100km) The recorded results show that the concentration of the radioactivity of the sample of the soil of the tomato field and the sample of the scale is relatively high but remains within the permissible limits. For example the AEDE (Annual effective dose equivalent), even if it exceeds 1mSv/y (ICRP Recommendations 2007 for public dose) , however it remains below 2.4mSv/y, the Average worldwide exposure to natural radiation sources (UNSCEAR 2000) . The radiation activity recorded in the sludge sample, as expected, does not pose any concerning at all, for the workers and public as well as the surrounding environment. The main objective of this paper is to clarify that the anxiety caused by the NORM which coming from tens or hundreds of kilometers is equivalent or close to the NORM caused by the other agricultural or industrial activities. Although, according to the recorded results in this paper, in both cases there is no real concerning for public or workers, however the awareness and precautions should be taken in all cases.

Biography

Ezeddine Hamida graduated with BSc Degree in Physics from Tripoli University(Libya) in 1996, in 2010 completed his MSc in Radiation and Environmental Protection (REP) at University of Surrey (UK). He is a professor of physics and fluid mechanics since 2001 for PTQI (Petroleum Training and Qualifying Institute-Tripoli-Libya) , a cooperator professor of nuclear physics for some Libyan Universities since 2011, and approved lecturer in NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) field . He has presented more than 5 scientific papers in NORM area in local and international scientific conferences , some of these papers were published in local and global scientific journals , he has been translated some international publications about NORM to Arabic, he has published more than 7 scientific articles in the scientific bulletin “The Atom and Development” which issue by aaea (Arabic Atomic Energy Agency) since 2016. He will present scientific papers in some 2018 scientific conferences : Benghazi International Conference and Exhibition of Oil and Gas Benghazi-Libya ,2-3 October 2018. 14th Arab Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Sharm El-Sheikh, Arab Republic of Egypt, 16 - 20 December 2018

Speaker
Ezeddine Hamida / Tripoli University
Libya
Sessions:

Abstract

Unconventional resources (tight/shale gas, tight oil, and oil sands) play an ever-increasing role in our energy supply and actually the world will need more energy under all scenarios. Because oil and gas from conventional reservoirs is declining, the role of unconventionals in the future energy will be certainly major and essential. The evaluation of the unconventional potential in Apollonia formation in Faras field was an interesting challenge after a remarkable gas anomaly has been noticed during the drilling operations. A new appraisal well has been drilled to evaluate the gas potential in Apollonia formation and to test the production possibility. After finishing drilling the new well and assuring the presence of hydrocarbons bearing layers in Apollonia carbonate reservoir, the well was completed by performing DST and production test to evaluate the well productivity. The initial production test results were promising, then a stimulation program was taken into consideration to improve the well productivity. The impact of the stimulation program was successful and significant as the well production rate increased 5 times. A new significant potential has been added to the company for the first time with increasing the field reserves after the great success of the new promising gas discovery of Apollonia formation. In this paper a complete case study will introduced for exploitation the first unconventional resources in Faras field in terms of drilling operations, formation evaluation, reservoir management and production challenges in addition to field development plans.

Biography

Haytham Osman has completed his B.Sc. degree from suez university, faculty of petroleum and mining engineering, Egypt. He is Drilling, Completion &WorkoverSection Head. He has published more than 3 technical papers papers in reputed journals in USA, Italy & Egypt. He is working on his master thesis in borehole stability and well integrity.

Speaker
HaythamAly Osman / Agiba Petroleum Co.,
EGYPT

Abstract

The loss of circulation is an extremely dangerous phenomenon for drilling, as the liquid solution leaving in the reservoir often leaves the entire drilled breed in the borehole and, in most cases, all the large particles in the solution itself. The settling masses are compacted and can create around the drill tool dense shell, and also cause, so-called, clamp tool-a phenomenon when to remove the drill pipe poses great difficulties. The absorption of drilling fluid leads to a number of harmful effects: -Absorption of a large amount of drilling mud and expensive additives; -Loss of time; -Blockage of potentially productive zones; -Emissions resulting from the reduction of hydrostatic pressure on non-absorbing layers; -Excessive inflow of water in the well; -Excessive cathing-education. Loss of circulation can be reduced or eliminated in the following ways: 1. Reduction of mud density until its hydrostatic pressure becomes equal to the reservoir. 2. Pumping Mudpack with a high concentration of clogging additives in the absorption zone. Clogging materials to combat the loss of circulation can be used as additives in circulating drilling mud in the drilling of sediment prone to absorption. For the control of absorption, it is possible to use sawdust, flaky and granulated materials or a mixture of all three. Sawdust, hay, Shaka, and trimming of the skin can be used. To flaky materials include cellophane trimming, mica, the husk of sunflower seeds cotton, nut shells, etc. granulated materials include grinding rubber or asbestos, asphalt, etc. This method differs from other methods in that in order to prevent the loss of the drilling solution to the composition of the chemical compound can be improved by increasing the agent's viscosity in cracks or pores clogging. A series of experiments was conducted to determine the optimal viscosity of the agent, consisting of urea formaldehyde with ammonium sulfate and bentonite. Ammonium sulfate is added to urea formaldehyde in the ratio of 1/5. In a series of experiments, the ratio of chemicals was increased properly. Measurement of solution viscosity was performed by rheometer up to 500 MPa. Since there are errors in Rheometer after 500 MPA, the measurement of viscosity began by hand with the help of 200 ml of the test tube, weights and steel ball. The obtained results satisfied the requirement for the loss of the chemical of drilling mud. Thus, on the basis of the experiments, it was found that to prevent the loss of the drilling solution to improve the composition of the chemical compound by increasing the viscosity of the agent. This will save the amount of mud and expensive additives, save time for drilling and prevent clogging of potentially productive drilling areas.

Biography

I did my Master degree from Tashkent State Technical University, Uzbekistan and currently, my Ph.D. studies are in progress from the China University of Petroleum. I have wide experience in an academic and petroleum industry at national and international levels. The fields of specialties are the oil and gas industry, machine and equipment construction and design, pyrolysis equipment and hydrocarbon gas, liquefied petroleum gas machinery and equipment, oil and gas engineering and the production of oil, gas, and petrochemical processing modeling system.

Speaker
Urinov Abrorbek / China University of Petroleum
East China

Abstract

Reducing the content of aromatic hydrocarbons, especially benzene, in motor fuels is an urgent and important problem in accordance with the requirements of the Euro-5 standard. The toxic effect of benzene and the product of its incomplete oxidation benzopyrene is one of a carcinogenic substance accumulating in the environment, has a negative impact on the safety of life of people and animals. In this connection, it is necessary to improve the technology of oil refining and its individual stages in order to reduce the content of benzene. One of the decision of such problem is the catalytic hydrodearomatization-conversion of aromatic hydrocarbons to naphthenic compounds. It is known catalysts based on platinum, palladium and their alloys, where the hydrogenation of aromatic hydrocarbons proceeds at a temperature above 1800C and a hydrogen pressure of 6-8 MPa. In addition, the content in the petroleum distillates of heteroorganic compounds that deactivate the catalysts requires their improvement and a more detailed study of the mechanism of catalytic conversion of aromatic hydrocarbons. Along with this, the hydro-dehydrogenation of aromatic hydrocarbons represents a huge interest in hydrogen technology. Benzene and its derivatives, attaching each mole of three or more quantities of hydrogen, are unique objects in the storage and transportation of strategic fuel - hydrogen. This relationship also implies the need to develop hydrogenation-dehydrogenation catalysts under relatively mild conditions. In this work, catalytic hydrodearomatization of motor fuels has been studied, where benzene and its derivatives are components of motor fuels.Hydrodearomatization was carried out in an autoclave with a working capacity of 200 ml. The content of the supported catalyst was 0.5%. The supported ruthenium catalysts obtained from ruthenium hydroxychloride, Ru(OH)Cl3∙4H2O, byimpregnation on known adsorbents (a ruthenium content from 0.1 up 5.0%). The optimum content of the active mass is 0.5-1.0% by weight Ru. The hydrogen pressure varied from 1.0 to 10.0MPa and the temperature from 60 to 2400C. The rate of hydrodeomatizations decreases in the series benzene → toluene → xylenes. It was found that benzene is quantitatively converted to cyclohexane at the hydrogen pressure of 0.5-1.0 MPa and a temperature of 100-1200C.

Biography

Dr. Bolysbek Utelbayev Chief Researcher of the Institute of Chemical Sciences named after A. Bekturov, holds the position of Professor of Chemical Engineering School at KBTU. He is Doctor of Science(Kinetic and Catalysis), Professor of Chemistry. "Honored Worker of Science and Education" awarded by Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. His exchange backgrounds: Institute of Organic Chemistry named N.Nesmeyanov, Institute of Physical Chemistry named N.Semenov(Russia Academy Science), Russia University of Chemistry Oil and Gas named Gubkin and International University named Yasavy (Turkey, Istanbul). Currently he teaches Industrial Catalysis, Inorganic Chemistry and Physical Chemistry. His group deals with the catalytic hydrogenation of aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene. The aim of research work to develop selective catalysts of dearomatization gasoline from benzene using metals of 8 group. His team have been learning transmission of heat energy between objects and about elementary carriers of heat since 2014y. The results are given to Committee of IUPAC and declared on the 45th Congress of IUPAC in Korea(Busan) 2015, Jnternational Journal Science and World(2014 -17s)(Russian) and others.

Speaker
Bolysbek Utelbayev / British Technical University
Kazakhstan

Abstract

This paper describes the approach taken to increase oil production using water flooding from three of old mature producing fields in the western desert of Egypt which operated by PetroSilah Petroleum Company. PetroSilah Petroleum Company operates more than 15 mature fields with very limited sand structure and depletion drive reservoirs mechanism, two common denominators among these fields is the high pour point of the produced oil and the lake of surface facilities for crude assembling and shipping since crude oil is transported by trucks. Water flooding has been known as the most successful and most widely used techniques to increase oil recovery from oil reservoirs. Usually, it aims to maintain and/or increase reservoir pressure and thereby stimulate production to increase oil recovery from an existing reservoir by sweeping or displacing oil from the reservoirs, and push it towards the produced wells. Maximizing Oil recovery is one of the core business processes in the upstream oil and gas industry. Before thinking in the secondary recovery method for oil production, proper evaluation and planning of the producing reservoirs and surface facilities are necessary to ensure that the water flooding is not only economical to undertake, but also flexible enough to cater for any deviation from the original plan during implementation as a result of inherent uncertainties in the reservoirs over the production life span of the field. Several factors considered while screening our fields to select the most proper candidates for water flooding. Some of these factors are Original Oil in Place (OOIP), current reservoir pressure, and bubble point pressure, pressure communication between producing wells, reservoir rock and fluid properties in terms of reservoir homogeneity and mobility ratio. Three maturedproducing fields were selected as the best candidates for water flooding. Ranges of ncrementla oi recoveries for all three fields after two years of water injection were 300 %, 200 %, and 100 %. Total company production increased by 85 % due to water injection.

Biography

Omar Abdalla has completed BS’s degree from Cairo University in July 1992 and completed 24 years of worldwide oil and gas international and national E & P companies. He is the Petroleum Engineering General Manager of PetroSilah Petroleum Company Cairo-Egypt. He has published more than 10 papers in reputed journals and attended different SPE SPE worldwide seminars. He served with Major oil and gas companies worldwide such as Gulf of Suez Petroleum Co (Gupco), Abu Dhbai Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) Abu-Dhabi-UAE, PETRONA- Malaysia, Abu Dhabi Marine for Offshore Oil Operations (ADMA-OPCO) Abu-Dhabi UAE, DANA GAS-Egypt and currently PetroSilah Petroleum Company.

Speaker
Omar Abdalla / PetroSilah Petroleum Company
Egypt

Abstract

In India biodiesel is derived from vegetable oil and animal fats. In the present study both review and experimentation is done to understand biofuel as an alternate fuel to conventional crude oil. Various feed stocks such as edible oil, animal fat, diary waste, tannery scum, non edible oil such as jatropha, pongamia, neem, rubber seed, kusum etc are studied. AOAC official methods of analysis were used to understand the physical and chemical properties of bio-oil used in biodiesel production.Fatty acid compositions of various feeds was determined by Gas chromatography (GC). Four important process parameters that influence the transesterfication process such as methanol to oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time were statistically optimized. Activation energy of transesterfication and the fuel properties such as viscosity, specific gravity, flash point, cloud point, sulphated acid, cetane number etc were determined taking ASTM D 6751 as standard.

Biography

Prof Anirbid Sircar is the Director-School of Petroleum Technology, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat and Director General, Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute. He has about 25 years of Industry, Academia and Research experience in Petroleum Technology. He is M. Tech in Petroleum Exploration and PhD in Tomography. Prof Sircar has seventy five papers in National and International Journals. He has one published patent and has applied for two more patents. He has authored two books and has authored six book chapters. He has successfully guided 5 PhD scholars and at present 5 PhD students are working under him.

Speaker
Anirbid Sircar / Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University
INDIA

Abstract

The Abbay River Basin is a major tributary and the main source of the Nile River basin Land cover and vegetation in Abbay river basin are considered to be highly susceptible to climate change. This paper investigated the trends of climate change during the past 36 years and land cover and vegetation evolution of the basin for the past 13 years. NDVI and Transformation matrix was employed to analyze the spatial and temporal patterns of land cover and vegetation from (2001 to 2013) and changes in climate from (1980 to 2016). The result showed that forest land and water resource decreased during (2001-2013) by-3429.62 Km2 and -81.45Km2 respectively. On the other hand, grassland 2779.33 Km2, cultivated land 535.34 Km2, bare land 43.08Km2, urban 0.65Km2, and wetland152.66Km2 were increased in the study period. During the past 36 years, the temperature has been increased by 0.5°C while precipitation has slightly decreased. It has been observed a decreasing trend in NDVI value by 0.1 in 2013 particularly in the southern part of the study area. The findings of the present research clearly indicated that the impacts of land cover change that caused by anthropogenic effect are the most dominant factor affecting the hydro-climate systems of the basin. Keywords: Land cover, Climate change, Vegetation, Transformation matrix, NDVI, EVI, Abbay River Basin, Temperature, Precipitation

Biography

Dr Asaminew Abiyu is a researcher of environmental science and Theological science at Donghua University, China. He is researcher at State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing, China and Donghua University, Shanghai, China. Dr Asaminew received a master’s degree in Environmental science at the University of Addis Ababa University, B.Th. degree in Theology at the University of Holy Trinity Theological University, BSc degree in Forestry at Hawassa University Wondo Genet College of Forestry, and doing doctoral degree in Environmental science and engineering in a University of Donguha University and IWHR joint program. Dr Asaminew’s professional interests are in the area of all aspects of environmental science mainly in studying water and wastewater treatment research.

Speaker
Asaminew Abiyu / Donghua University
China

Abstract

There are several methods for production data analysis from shale gas reservoirs. In this study, nine different methods were used to analyze production data from 38 shale gas wells. The objective of this comparison study is to provide guidelines on which methods to use for production data analysis in shale gas wells. These nine methods include Arps’ (1945), Fetkovich (1980), Fraim and Wattenberger (1987), Modified Hyperbolic (1988), El-Banbi and Wattenbarger (1998), Power Law Decline (2008), and Bello and Wattenbarger (2009). The variations of these methods to cover homogeneous, pseudo-steady state dual porosity, constant pressure and constant rate closed reservoirs are all considered in the comparison. Production data from the 38 wells were categorized into 3 groups to cover the different conditions of observed rate and pressure variation. For every group of wells, half of the production history was history matched with all nine methods, and the other half of production history was predicted. The deviation between predicted production forecast and actual production was used to shed light on the applicability of each method of the 9 for the 3 groups of wells. The results indicate that the best constant pressure methods for most of the wells are Modified Hyperbolic and Power Law Decline with an average absolute error percent of 11% and 12.5%, respectively. In case of constant rate methods, the best method is found to be Bello and Wattenbarger with an average absolute error percent of 15%.

Biography

Shams has completed her Master’s degree in the reservoir engineering at the age of 25 years. She got her degree from Cairo University, faculty of Engineering. She is a reservoir engineer at Tharwa Petroleum Company. She has presented 2 papers in two different conferences. She was a presenter at the MOC 2018. She will be a presenter at the World Congress on Oil, Gas and Petroleum Refinery that will be held in December 2018.

Speaker
Shams / Tharwa Production Company
Egypt

Abstract

Drilling is one of the most significant processes in the oil and gas industry so optimizing the drilling cost will lead to high recovery of the barrel value. The fluctuation in oil price has made the global market unstable. This took us to consider drilling with low cost and less risk. Drilling a slim hole is proven in some areas to be applicable, saving 20 % of the drilling cost beside reduction of the drilling waste. The purpose of this research is to optimize the well cost using slim hole technique replying on the results from the Geomechanical model including vertical stress, horizontal stress and pore pressure. Drilling in the Western Dessert confront a lot of problems due to the presence of different structures, blocks of clastic formations and different type of faults. The studying the rock mechanics of this area gave us a better understanding to the rock behaviors leading to high reduction in Net Presence time (NPT).

Biography

Mohmaed Montassir has completed his MSc from Salford University , UK and PHD Candidate in Suez University, Egypt. He is senior drilling engineer at Tharwa Petroleum Company. He is also drilling supervisor at Tharwa Petroleum Company.

Speaker
Mohamed Montassir / Tharwa Petroleum Company
Egypt

Abstract

This workshop will give glance and manage that reservoir to maximizing profitability volumes and recovery over the life of an asset, principally, this is systematic approach and operational best practices. Hydrocarbon system contains entrapment, migration and generation. In fact, Oil and Gas move from source rock to the reservoir rock. Whereas the porosity and permeability will be discussed in this lecture. In order to manage reservoir operations following responsibilities of production reservoir engineer must consider. • Daily production Surveillance (Production rates and pressure) • Regular interaction with production operations (managing trips, coordinating test etc) • Develop production and Gas Lift, Power water injection strategies • Analyzing/ interpreting surveillance data (logging data, production tests) • Production performance prediction (reservoir simulation, production modeling, decline curve analyses • Opportunities Generation • Reservoir studies Reservoir management framework will be developed and integrated following four components • Depletion Planning • Surveillance and Optimization • Opportunities for maturation • Reservoir studies

Biography

Dr. Tariq Masood has completed his M.Eng, MPhil, PhD from University of Bath, UK . He joined the Qatar Petroleum since 1997 and worked at different position, Production Data Analyst, Sr. Optimization Engineer (Production), currently he is serving as Operations Technical Coordinator. He is/has been on several production department technical and management committee members. He received several awards in recognition of his outstanding performance and dedication to improve Qatar Petroleum production Operations and control. He was the secretary for the GCC oil producing companies (QP-Qatar, PDO-Kuwait ARAMCO-Saudi Arabia, KOC-Kuwait, TATWEER-Bahrain, and ADNOC-Kingdom Saudi Arabia) technical committee in 2008 and 2011. He has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute IEEE Multiple Topic Journal

Speaker
Tariq Masood / University of Bath
UK

Abstract

At a Production Platform in a North Sea field, produced water and treated seawater from a Sulphate Removal Package (SRP) are commingled and injected to enhance oil recovery. In the produced water process, there is a need for batch biocide treatment downstream the production manifold due to risk of microbial induced corrosion through the separation train. In the seawater process, there is a need for batch biocide injection upstream the deaerator due to risk of biofilm formation in the deaerator and downstream corrosion risk. This paper presents a systematic testing approach executed at a platform to optimize the biocide dosage to obtain the most cost-effective treatment strategy. This was achieved by changing concentration, interval and length of the treatment and monitoring effect through collection of produced water samples prior to, during and 48, 72 and 165 hours post-treatment. The produced water samples were monitored for bacterial presence using a new bacterial monitoring method based on fluorescence spectroscopy. The new technique enumerates living bacteria in the produced water samples and gives a rapid evaluation of total bacteria in the system. The effect of a biocide treatment regime can therefore be rapidly evaluated. By using this technique at a production platform, the biocide regime has been optimized and resulting in protection against deleterious microbial activity.

Biography

Javier Sanchez has completed his Master of Science in Engineering in Oil and Gas Technology (Petrophysics and Reservoir Engineering specialization) from Aalborg University, Denmark, and Bachelor of Science in Engineering in Global Management and Manufacturing from the University of Southern Denmark, and currentely doing a PhD in Petroleum and Natural Gas. He is a Process-Production Chemist for Schlumberger Production Technologies, and earlier Drilling Fluids Engineer for M-I Swaco/Schlumberger Drilling Solutions.

Speaker
Javier Sanchez / Schlumberger
North Sea

Abstract

Abstract; Land use/land cover and vegetation in upper Haui river basin are considered to be highly susceptible to climate change. However, there is less indication on the change trends in both climate and land cover/land use in the study basin. Thus less understanding of the watershed sensitivity and adaptability to climate change. Here we identified the spatial and temporal patterns of changes in climate (from 1960 to 2016), land cover/landuse and vegetation (from 2000 to 2014) in the upper Huai river basin using land using the Mann-kendle test estimator, land use transfermatrix and NDVI for four year time interval. During the past 56 years, there was a slight decreasing trend in precipitation while air temperature has increased by 1.2 °C. During the past 15 years, land cover has changed significantly. Herein residence construction land, artificial water and, artificial vegetation with discreet distribution, increased and wetland and artificial water bodies showed diminishing trend in the study period. On the other hand natural vegetation coverage do not show obvious changes. Land use/cover change impact was gradually increased by human intervention on various land use types Our findings have implications for predicting the safety of water resources and water eco-environment in Huai river basin under global change.

Biography

Abel Girma is a PhD candidate at the College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai. Abel holds an MSc degree in Environmental Science form Addis Abeba University Ethiopia, in the year 2013 and a BSc degree in Plant Science form Arbaminch University Ethiopia, in the year 2010. Abel has been splendor and highest scorer alumna out of all graduates of Plant Science departments, distinguished from student peers with a track record of superior academic results. Arbaminch University acknowledged and praised me a medal for my very great distinction performance.

Speaker
Abel Girma / Donghua University Shanghai
China

Abstract

The paper submitted the preliminary results of Groundwater Quality Studies in a Pune Area in Pharmaceutical Instituions. Water quality varies seasonally, some wells showing increase in salinity as water level in the post monsoon period. Water quality is identified based on various geochemical classifications. Water samples collected from different water cooler were analysed using standard laboratory techniques. Modified stiff, piper trilinear diagrams and trend surface maps were constructed to identify the chemical character of the shallow groundwater. Groundwater has been analysed and found suitable for general domestic and irrigation purposed except some which are intensively irrigated. Samples are analysed for Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, Cl, TDS, pH, Electrical conductance etc., and the results are summarized below: Hydrogen ion concentration : The pH of groundwater varies from 6.7 to 8.2 This indicates slight alkalinity of groundwater in this area.

Biography

Dr. Rahul Hajare is bright student of Renowned Immunologist Honorable Respected Dr. Ramesh S Paranjape’’ Retired Director and Apex body member of Indian Council of Medical Research New Delhi. He is Fellow Indian Council of Medical Research Serving the nation since 1911. He is working as guest faculty Shikshan Vikas Mandal Trust (Establishment 1951). Trust became a democratic republic constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950. He is graduated certified Vidyabharati College of Pharmacy, Trustee Respected Pratibhatai Patil (Ex President of India). Dr Hajare is double certified by Vidarbha Youth Welfare Society Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research was founded by the great visionary of this region Prof Ram Meghe in the year 1965.

Speaker
Rahul Hajare / Indian Council of Medical Reserach New Delhi
India

Abstract

Thermal conditions determine the outcome of the physical and transport properties of emulsions during their various processing phases. A better understanding of the intricate relationship between thermal, surfactants and hydrodynamics can help in the optimization of these processes during the production of emulsions. To investigate the outcome of coupling thermal, surfactants and hydrodynamics on emulsions behavior, a robust quasi-steady thermal-surfactants numerical scheme is presented and used here. To validate the model, the rheological behavior of oil-in-water system was investigated. The numerical results matched well the experimental results of similar oil-in-water system under steady state thermal conditions. Furthermore, it is shown that, the proposed numerical model can handle cases with transient thermal conditions while maintaining good accuracy.

Biography

I got my Master and PhD in mechanical engineering from Wayne State University-USA. Curently I’m working at North Oil Company as a resercher and mechanical engineer. My reserch area is about simulating the two phase flow of oil in water under different conditions using Lattice Boltzmann Method and I published many papers on this topic.

Speaker
Wessam Falih Hasan / North Oil Company
Iraq

Abstract

Heat leak simulation in an LNG storage tank is often based on some problematic assumptions, for instance, vapor-liquid equilibrium in the tank, static liquid level, BOG estimation using boil-off rate, use of the only lateral area for heat loss calculations etc. The problem is further compounded due to these assumptions built into commercial simulators (Aspen Hysys, Honeywell Unisim Design), creating challenges in simulating the behavior of LNG tanks. In this study authors highlights these challenges and provides intuitive and analytical solutions to those problems. The resultant model is validated against an established first-principle model and then exploited for improving the LNG regasification terminal design and operation strategies. Based on the corrected tank model, an equation for selecting an optimal recirculation rate is developed. The equation is general, and only requires as input the heat transfer characteristics of the recirculation line. A graphical method is also proposed to predicts average compressor power as a function of tank volume, heat transfer characteristics of the recirculation line and send-out rate. The study further concludes that the average boil-off gas generation arises from five effects (1) heat ingress into the tank, (2) decreasing liquid level, (3) vapor expansion, (4) heat ingress into the recirculation line and (5) pump duty. The concepts and results presented in this study should prove useful in the design and operation of LNG regasification terminals.

Biography

Dr. MOHD SHARIQ KHAN has completed his Ph.D. from Yeungnam Univesity, South Korea and postdoctoral studies from National University of Singapore, Singapore. He is now working as Assistant Professor at DHOFAR UNIVERSITY. Dr. Khan has a demonstrated history of working on LNG industry projects related to design and optimization. He has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Speaker
Mohd Shariq Khan / Dhofar University
Oman

Abstract

The paper describes the case study for applying the oil segregation phenomena for re-evaluation of an offshore mature oil field which was producing from Hawara sandstone reservoir in July field in Gulf of Suez. The theory of oil segregation had been applied associated with risks and challenges which arises when comparing the values and revenues in offshore operations. It was clear from production and reservoir pressure data that Hawara reservoirin south July is producing under depletion drive mechanism, which later assisted with water injection that commenced in Jul-79 by the second well to support the depleted reservoir pressure which declined rapidly, however, early breakthrough occurred and the offset producer cut water quickly so, the injector was shut-in. The reservoir continue producing again without injection for more than 10 years till the well ceased to flow. After that a new downdip injector was drilled inApr-98 to re-pressurize the reservoir pressure which became 1500 psi below the bubble point pressure. After increasing the reservoir pressure, the well was back on productionand keep producing till reached70-90 % water cut then shut-in due to mechanical problems, which make the decision to drill a new offshore well with high cost to recover the remaining oil very challenging. Re-evaluation had been applied to Hawara reservoir and after expecting the oil segregation phenomena due to stop water injection in the reservoir for more than 10 years. A new well was drilled in Jun-17successfully as a replacement well to the last oil producer which was producing 70-90 % water cut and proved the phenomena of oil segregation due to gravity and difference in fluid densities and the new well started production with 4000 BFPD with traces water cut and keep producing with traces water cut for 2 months and after that the water cut started to increase gradually till reached to +30% water cut.

Biography

Ahmed G. Helmy has completed his B.Sc. of petroleum engineering fromSuez Canal University, Egypt. He is a reservoir engineer with +6 years’ experience in engineering department in Gulf Of Suez Petroleum Company.

Speaker
Ahmed G. Helmy / GUPCO Oil Company
Egypt

Abstract

What exactly is wastewater and why should it be treated? Wastewater treatment is considered as water usage because it is very much interconnected with the other uses of water. Much of the water used by homes, industries, and businesses must be treated, before it is released back to the environment. Nature has an amazing ability to cope with small amounts of water wastes and pollution, but it would be inundated if we did not treat the billions of gallons of wastewater and sewage produced every day before releasing it back to the environment. Every effort is taken for water conservation to ensure the well-being of future generations. Unlike rainfall, rivers, and groundwater, which are considered conventional freshwater resources, the non-conventional water resources include seawater desalination, agriculture wastewater reuse, and municipal and industrial wastewater reuse. These trends vary from one country to another depending on the degree of water scarcity, economic situations and other factors. Treatment plants reduce pollutants in wastewater to a level nature can handle.

Biography

Shaimaa Fadel Al-Hazzaa, senior geologist At Kuwait Oil Company Masters of Business Administration (MBA) of the Maastricht School of Management (MSM), Maastricht, the Netherlands. University Degree in Geology. Supervises Geologists and Technicians according to assignments. Performs or directs geological projectsand studies As required. My Functions & Responsibilities Directs and supervises the activities of assigned personnel. Supervises geologists engaged in wellsite work. Ensures that correct methods and procedures are used and allocates work priorities. Performs specialised wellsite work as required. Conducts exploration/appraisal projects and studies utilising modern geological methods. Identifies/proposes most effective locations for suitable exploration/appraisal wells and prepares detailed plans for further activities. Organises and supervises the geological aspects of detailed exploration studies. Uses or directs the use of appropriate analytical techniques, applying computer technology as required. Reviews and evaluates reports on assigned geological studies prepared by subordinate geologists. Ensures that finalised reports are accurate and complete. Develops geological models using geostatistical techniques for play assessment. Evaluates sedimentary basin with main objective for locating hydrocarbon accumulations, construction of all kinds of stratigraphical and structural maps and cross sections, classification, correlation and integration of diversified data from all sources and provides geological leads for new discoveries. Analyses Paleostructural evolution of basin, paleogeomorphic setting and its changes with time, environment and facies pattern, and all the important tectonic cycles. Integrates subsurface geological and geophysical data and reconstruction of regional stratigraphic framework in the State of Kuwait in order to expand the producing trends and generate new drillable prospects, locates subtle traps and exploration plays in the basin. Develops strategy of exploration for short term and long term plans, conducts feasibility studies, prepares exploration budgets, planning and scheduling of exploration priorities. Evaluates hydrocarbon potential of different prospects and underdeveloped reservoirs. Carries out other related tasks, such as writing specialised reports, maintaining geological records. Independence of Operation and Accountability Reports to Team Leader as assigned. Determines work method in accordance with broad directives and professional geological standards. Consults with supervisor on main issues relating to policy. Completed work is subject to general review. Accountable for the accuracy of geological data prepared by his section and for ensuring that all geological reports and analyses are prepared on time.

Speaker
Shaimaa Alhazzaa / Oil Company
Kuwait

Abstract

The conventional alcoholic fermentation by-produces carbon dioxide (CO2) as in Eq (1). Thus, for establishing the low carbon society, a development of new technology is necessary. Given such a situation, we have developed a novel process of bioethanol production from lignocellulosics with acetic acid fermentation followed by hydrogenolysis of acetic acid to ethanol. This process includes a two-step hot-compressed water treatment (230oC/10MPa/15min and 270oC/10MPa/15min) to convert lignocellulosics to hexoses, pentose, decomposed products and lignin-derived compounds. In the subsequent fermentation, most of these products are anaerobically fermented into acetic acid in form of sodium acetate by free and immobilized co-culturing system (Clostridium thermocellum and C. thermoaceticum) using batch or fed-batch fermenter with pH controlled. The obtained acetate aqueous solution was then converted into acetic acid by three-compartment bipolar membrane electrodialysis, and further to bioethanol via hydrogenolysis with Lewis acid-supported catalyst (Ru-Sn/TiO2 or Ni-Sn/TiO2) in aqueous solution. Consequently, the following Eq (2) for glucose, for example, can be achieved without forming any CO2. To evaluate a potential of this process, it was compared with the conventional alcoholic fermentation process, and found that, although the conventional process produces 250L bioethanol from one ton of dried lignocellulosics, this newly-developed process produces more than double. In addition, energy recovery is higher than the conventional process, with CO2 emission unit (kg/GJ) being lower. Consequently, this new process can be promising to reduce CO2 emission so as to mitigate environmental loading. C6H12O6 → 2CH3CH2OH + 2CO2 (1) C6H12O6 + 6H2 → 3CH3CH2OH + 3H2O (2)

Biography

Shiro Saka has completed his undergraduate study in Kyoto University, and PhD from North Carolina State University, USA and postdoctoral studies from McGill University, Canada. He has been professor in Kyoto University for 21 years and now professor emeritus of Kyoto University. He has published 244 original papers, 117 books, 92 review papers, 437 international conference proceedings, 53 patents granted. He is now Fellow of the International Academy of Wood Science, and his awards received are Wood Award 1980, USA, 2008 Japan Prize of Agricultural Science, 2008 Yomiuri Prize of Agricultural Science, 2008 Japan Institute of Energy Award and others.

Speaker
Shiro Saka / Kyoto University
JAPAN

Abstract

In perhaps the greatest breakthrough in energy in the last 50 years, the United States has experienced a revolution in the development of shale resources through the combined application of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. The potential geopolitical impact of this breakthrough, and more specifically the American business model of short-cycle investment, is not clearly understood in Europe and the Middle East. This presentation will describe the potential impact of U.S. oil and LNG exports on country-to-country relationships across the globe. It will also explore why the U.S. Shale Revolution is perhaps misunderstood in Europe and the Middle East. The unique reality of private ownership of subsurface minerals in the U.S. and the day-to-day shareholder review of U.S.-based exploration and production assets will be compared to and contrasted with national ownership of mineral interests and nationally run oil and gas entities.

Biography

John Harpole is founder and president of Mercator Energy LLC, a natural gas services, brokerage and energy market analysis company. During his career, Harpole has provided strategic advice and counseling to independent oil and gas producers, power producers, major electric and gas utilities and hedge funds typically at the CEO level. He has also played a key role in helping to transform energy and environmental policy at the state and federal levels. Mercator is considered to be one of the largest natural gas brokers in the U.S., currently trading, scheduling and balancing in excess of 1 BCF per day of natural gas. Harpole is an Advisory Board Member of the Western Energy Alliance (formerly IPAMS), the Leadership Program of the Rockies, University of Colorado’s Global Energy Management Program (GEM) and Energy Outreach Colorado.

Speaker
John Harpole / Mercator Energy LLC
United States

Abstract

Clad plates present a good economical compromise for offshore pipelines in terms of mechanical and corrosion properties. These clad plates are obtained by bonding carbon steel and nickel base alloy during high temperature rolling. Then plates are heat treated in order to obtain high mechanical properties from carbon steel. This study is focused on the corrosion and stress corrosion in seawater of clad plates with nickel base alloys 625 and 825. Immersion and slow strain rate tensile (SSRT) tests in synthetic seawater at different temperatures have been performed to compare both grades with 904L corrosion resistance performances. Chlorine effect on corrosion resistance has been also characterized through immersion tests. Stress corrosion performances in sour environment have been characterized with static loading tests to improve corrosion mechanism understanding and limit of use of these grades.

Biography

Martin Monnot is research engineer at Resarch Center of Industeel in Le Creusot, France. He has a PhD in material science from Grenoble-Alpes University about the sulfide stress corrosion resistance of supermartensitic stainless steels for oil&gas applications. He is now in charge of corrosion research study for stainless steels for energy applications for Industeel – ArcelorMittal. In particular, he participates updating standards about material selection in oil and gas production. He has published several papers in reputed journals.

Speaker
Martin Monnot / Resarch Center of Industeel in Le Creusot
France

Abstract

The study we have performed is an attempt to determine the adhesion of different fluids onto the rock surface of chalks at 75oC to mimic the processes that take place in an oil reservoir, in which the formation water is in direct contact with the mineral surface before oil invasion. Recipes of Valhal Brine and Ekofisk Brine were titrated into chalk powder and added crude oil to mimic the conditions of the oil reservoirs before antropogenic interaction with those chalk-brine systems. Enthalpies were measured by help of Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) in order to be able to measure reaction adsorption enthalpies as an indirect measure of the wettability tendency of the chalk / formation water and chalk / formation water / oil systems. Finally, smart water as ionically modified seawater was added to the chalk/brine/oil systems. The results could give information of wettability alterations in the carbonate systems when using ionically modified seawater for water flooding. The results showed that the wettability of the chalk depends on the ionic composition of the formation water. In our case, Ekofisk Brine made the rock more oil wet than Valhall brine which could be seen in the thermograms for the interaction between oil and the chalk-brine systems. In addition, the thermograms showed the substitution reactions of the calcium (Ca2+) by magnesium (Mg2+ ),which was enhanced by the presence of sulfate (SO42-). The research is still on-going and more interesting results on its way from this new methodology for oil reservoir wettability research.

Biography

Erik G. Søgaard has completed his M.Sc in Chemistry and Physics from Aarhus University, Denmark. He is professor MSO at the Department of Chemistry and Bioscience - Esbjerg. He is author or coauthor for more than 200 publications in reputed journals and has been serving as editor.

Speaker
Erik G. Søgaard / Aarhus University
Denmark.

Abstract

Nowadays, geological and reservoir models are essential tools used for the design and the optimization of oil and gas field development. At the same time, building reservoir model is technically complex and requires nontrivial approaches and solutions. This paper describes the experience of using modeling to support drilling and development optimization of one of the most complex reservoirs in Gulf of Suez. A distinctive feature of the publication is a compilation of tools of geological and simulation modeling, including experience in dealing with applications for the period from the start of field development to the end of production in addition to different development alternatives which helped in achieving the maximum hydrocarbon production. Approaches to the building of geological and simulation models of a complex productive formation are described. These models incorporate a large number of different facies data, which are used to manage uncertainties and risks accompanied with the field development. The complexity represents in both the static and the dynamic data. The available well stock in the field did not give a certain realization regarding the structure model and the facies distribution. In addition, the open-hole logs did not show clear indication to the fluid contacts in the reservoir. The poor surveillance data along the history of production add more complication, especially after the water flooding have been implemented in the field. This results in more uncertainty and complexity regarding the history match and prediction results. This paper sheds light on significance of integration between Geological and Dynamic data, which helped a lot in managing key uncertainties. In addition, a clear workflow with guidelines are well illustrated to help engineers approaching such work.

Biography

Mazen Bahaa is a reservoir engineer at Gulf of Suez Petroleum Company (GUPCO) BP joint venture, where he works in the resource progression and reservoir management team, performing depletion plans, simulation studies, Waterflooding strategies and production optimization scenarios. He has a master of science from Cairo University in petroleum and gas production engineering in Jan 2017 and currently working on his PHD.

Speaker
Mazen.M.Bahaa / Gulf of Suez Petroleum Company
Egypt

Abstract

The Western desert of Egypt is characterized by very complex subsurface. This usually forms a barrier to the oil and gas exploration especially that we cannot easily extract information from the seismic data. In the first few meters below the surface, the presence of hard layers like limestone and Dolomite. These are areas where limestone is dissolved and is usually filled with other rock types, the sudden change of the lithology causes scattering of the seismic data and loss of energy. The Abu Roash layers below the near surface are usually characterized by high acoustic impedance and sharp velocity variations, they trap the seismic energy inside them and do not allow most of the energy to penetrate downwards. In this paper we will show a successful study from the Western Desert where the use of new seismic data processing technologies and the integration of good seismic acquisition with the geologic and geophysical knowledge helped to clearly image the layers in the deep part of the area and led to a successful oil discovery.We utilized the non-uniform coherent noisesuppression technique to be able to model the linear and coherent noise of the data accurately and remove them.The data regularization played an important roleto overcome the acquisition irregularities and produced gathers that are much better for velocity analysis and depth imaging.The drilled well confirmed the interpretation from the seismic data and has hit its target accurately which giving Egypt a new oil discoveries in the Western Desert.

Biography

Dr. Ehab Eid has completed his Ph.D. in Geophysics from Ain Shams University, Egypt. His career began in 1997 as a Geophysicist at Schlumberger international company. He was nominated from Schlumberger to work with ExxonMobil Houston headquarters as a technical advisor for almost one year in 2002. He joined several positions until he reached the post of seismic projects supervisor in 2005 until the end of 2006.He moved in 2006 to Croatian Oil Company INA Nafta as Geophysical Operations Manageruntil mid of 2008. He moved to Tharwa Petroleum Company in 2008 till now as GeologyGeneral Manager.

Speaker
Ehab Eid / Ain Shams University
Egypt

Abstract

Column relief loads are the largest contributor to a refinery flare system. Conventional relief load estimation methodologies are known to be overly conservative and can lead to overdesign of flare systems. Conventional methodology uses simplistic calculation called the “unbalanced heat load” method. Dynamic simulation has become increasingly common in the design and specification of pressure relief systems. During retrofits, the flare system expansion can become a very costly item if the existing flare system is deemed to be inadequate. Dynamic simulation can provide an alternative solution that more accurately calculates column relief loads without as much conservatism as conventional methods. Dynamic process simulation introduces a more rigorous approach in which the transient effects of the system inventory on the liquid and vapor flow rates within the column system and on the heat transfer with associated exchangers are accounted for in an integrated manner. Inclusion of sensible heat and latent heat of the residing liquid in calculations results in reduced and more credible relief rates. Different relief scenarios were tested on the dynamic simulation model to estimate peak relief load: • Total Power Failure • Reflux failure /Cooling medium failure/ Abnormal Heat Input • Instrument failure

Biography

Rajyalakshmi Kappagantula has completed her MS from University of Pennsylvania, USA. She is the Product Analyst for Petro-SIM Dynamics at KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc. a Yokogawa company. She is a registered member of APEGA and has over 8 years of experience as an Operator Training Simulator Consultant. Mary K. Lacombe is currently the manager of Simulation software at KBC Advanced Technologies. She is been with KBC Technologies for over 10 years in various roles. Mary did her Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from Rice University.

Speaker
Rajyalakshmi Kappagantula / KBC Advanced Technologies
Canada

Abstract

This paper is an effort to prove that reviewing the Previous Petrophysical interpretations is a process worth trying. the re-evaluation, using a fine-tuned or different parameters and more important is changing our ideas and thinking out of the box, can lead to discovering new pay phenomena in mature producing wells. Siwa-2L Field was discovered in Feb.-2013, where the first well Siwa-L-1X was drilled to the Total Depth of 15500 Ft. to test the hydrocarbon potential of Safa and Desouqy Formation and the hydrocarbon shows was recorded while drilling AEB-5, Lower Safa and Desouqy Formations, and the Petrophysical analysis of the well indicated that there 50 ft Net Pay with 10 % porosity within Desouqy Reservoir only and the well put on production by initial rate 4400 BOPD; after drilled four wells and due to the high production from Siwa-2L Structure, the production rate for all wells decreased from 7000 to 1000 BOPD; so Tharwa/Apache worked on how to increase the productivity of Siwa-2L Field and re-evaluation for AEB-5 was done for many wells within Faghur Basin such as SIWA-D-1X and SIWA-L-1X Discoveries. the re-interpretation for this promising reservoir within the area indicated that there a good reservoir with good facies in The Siwa-2L Field and also, there is about 20 Ft Net Pay within AEB-5 in SIWA-L-1X (The Highest Point Within SIWA-2L Structure); depend on these results Tharwa/Apache decided to drill SIWA-2L-6 at the Highest Point within SIWA-2L Structure, the well was drilled in January,2018 to the Total Depth 15000 Ft. within The Paleozoic and the hydrocarbon shows was observed while drilling within AEB-5 and the Petrophysical Interpretation indicated 40 Ft with very good Porosity and good Facies within the AEB-5 Reservoir; the well was put on production to produce 5100 BOPD with 1 % Water Cut (W.C). Conclusion Results of this study have been shown that AEB-5 Reservoir well developed within SIWA-2L Structure and the re-evaluation of the Petrophysical interpretation which was done in the past by using different parameters led to increase the productivity of SIWA-2L Field from 1000 to 4000 BOPD. Keywords: Petrophysical Interpretation, Productivity, Faghur Basin, Re-evaluation, Facies and Net Pay.

Biography

A confident technical professional with broad and full understanding of the Exploration and Studies business. More than 12 years’ experience (Offshore & Onshore) in Petrophysics, Geology, Reservoir evaluation, modeling and the integrated work programs/projects. Throughout his careers, he shared the success of numerous oil and gas discoveries(Inside and Outside Egypt). Petrophysics Department Manager at Tharwa Petroleum Co. from 2006 to present time. Ahmed received his BSc in Geological & Geophysical Engineering from Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering/ Suez University in 2005 as a well as MSc in Geoscience from the same Faculty, where he teaches Petroleum Sciences in the Geological & Geophysical Engineering Dept. He specialized in Geology, Petrophysical evaluation, prospect evaluation and risk assessments work flow (Exploration Projects)& techniques and, he worked as a teacher at Faculty of Science / Alex. University due to his Geology and Petrophysics experience background. He finished his PhD. In Petrophysics in 2017 / Faculty of Petroleum / Suez University, he published and a co-author for around 15 technical papers / presentations.

Speaker
Ahmed Sultan / Tharwa Petroleum Company
Egypt

Abstract

The interfacial phenomena at calcite-aqueous interface, which is controlled by different electrostatic interactions between the mineral lattice and ionic species in solution, play an important role in enhanced oil recovery processes; such as smart water flooding (SWF). The polarity of the zeta potential at the calcite-aqueous interface should be determined in order to design an optimum SWF composition; however, the complex behaviour of calcite in aqueous media makes it difficut to initially know the reasons for that polarity. In the present study, electrophoretic mobility measurements were used to determine the trend of the zeta potential in produced water similar to Tyra Field in the Danish North Sea (TPW). It was observed that the surface charge of the chalk particles suspended in TPW was less negative negative as pH was increased. Phree-Plot speciation simulations and electro spray ionization-mass spectrometry analyses were used to clarify which are the ionic species responsible for the polarity of the zeta potential at the chalk lattice. The results showed that the polarity of the zeta potential at calcite-aqueous interface at low pH is mainly controlled by hydrogen carbonate ion (HCO3-); whereas, CO3Ca+ determines the polarity at high pH. This relatively new scientific approach deals with the reasons behind the observed shift in the polarity of the zeta potential when calcite is in contacted with highly saline brines (produced water). The data collected and reported in this study can be used to get a deeper understanding of the interfacial phenomena at the calcite aqueous interface.

Biography

Jacquelin Cobos M. has completed his M.Sc. from Aalborg University, Denmark. Currently, she is a PhD fellow at the Department of Chemistry and Bioscience - Esbjerg. Recently, she has publised a journal paper in Energy & Fuels regarding rock-fluid interactions. Henrik Jepsen has completed his his M.Sc. from Aalborg University. Currently, he is working at Total E&P. Erik G. Søgaard has completed his M.Sc in Chemistry and Physics from Aarhus University, Denmark. He is professor MSO at the Department of Chemistry and Bioscience - Esbjerg. He is author or coauthor for more than 200 publications in reputed journals and has been serving as editor.

Speaker
Jacquelin Cobos / Aalborg University
Denmark

Plenary Talks

Abstract

The Western desert of Egypt is characterized by very complex subsurface. This usually forms a barrier to the oil and gas exploration especially that we cannot easily extract information from the seismic data. In the first few meters below the surface, the presence of hard layers like limestone and Dolomite. These are areas where limestone is dissolved and is usually filled with other rock types, the sudden change of the lithology causes scattering of the seismic data and loss of energy. The Abu Roash layers below the near surface are usually characterized by high acoustic impedance and sharp velocity variations, they trap the seismic energy inside them and do not allow most of the energy to penetrate downwards. In this paper we will show a successful study from the Western Desert where the use of new seismic data processing technologies and the integration of good seismic acquisition with the geologic and geophysical knowledge helped to clearly image the layers in the deep part of the area and led to a successful oil discovery.We utilized the non-uniform coherent noisesuppression technique to be able to model the linear and coherent noise of the data accurately and remove them.The data regularization played an important roleto overcome the acquisition irregularities and produced gathers that are much better for velocity analysis and depth imaging.The drilled well confirmed the interpretation from the seismic data and has hit its target accurately which giving Egypt a new oil discoveries in the Western Desert.

Biography

Dr. Ehab Eid has completed his Ph.D. in Geophysics from Ain Shams University, Egypt. His career began in 1997 as a Geophysicist at Schlumberger international company. He was nominated from Schlumberger to work with ExxonMobil Houston headquarters as a technical advisor for almost one year in 2002. He joined several positions until he reached the post of seismic projects supervisor in 2005 until the end of 2006.He moved in 2006 to Croatian Oil Company INA Nafta as Geophysical Operations Manageruntil mid of 2008. He moved to Tharwa Petroleum Company in 2008 till now as GeologyGeneral Manager.

Speaker
Ehab Eid / Tharwa Petroleum Company
Egypt

Abstract

Aim: A geological or artificial environment with a multilevel hierarchical structure and strength properties requires regular study of the stability of its state. For this purpose, a new method was developed for modeling acoustic monitoring by longitudinal and transversal waves of a layered-block medium with several inclusions with different physical-mechanical two phase hierarchical structures. Method of research. An iterative process of solving a direct problem is developed for the case of an acoustic field penetrating into three hierarchical inclusions of l, m and s-th rank based on the use of two-dimensional integral-differential equations. The degree of inclusion hierarchy is determined by the values of their ranks, which can be different. Results. Hierarchical inclusions are located in different layers one on top of the other: the top layer is anomalously plastic, the second is anomalously resilient, and the third is anomalously dense. The degree of filling of inclusions of each rank for all three hierarchical inclusions can be different. Usage: Iterative modeling algorithms are constructed in the seismic case in the acoustic approximation for a complex hierarchical heterogeneity. For the first time, the proposed iterative algorithm for modeling a composite complex hierarchical environment can be used to monitor stability studies of complex hierarchical structures under various mechanical influences. This algorithm can be extended to more complex multi-face hierarchical environments with different physical and mechanical functions. The simulation results can be used to monitor studies of the stability of geological and mechanical structures of a complex hierarchical structure under various mechanical influences.

Biography

Olga Hachay has completed her PhD from IZMIRAN, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow and completed her prof. from Moscow State University Geological Faculty Russia. She is a leader scientist in the Institute of Geophysics UB RAS. She is from 1985 Member of American mathematical society, from 2004 Member of Mathematical American Association, from 2007 Member of EAGE, member of EGU. She has published more than 250 papers; she is an editor of some books published in USA.

Speaker
Olga Hachay / Institute of Geophysics UB RAS
Russia

Sessions:

Abstract

The Brazilian Pre-salt basins and its exploration have become more and more frequently mentioned over the years, not just for their potential reserves, but for the implicit challenges in terms of general operations (downstream and upstream) to be faced in order to make these fields commercially viable. Several research efforts aimed at to addressing these related barriers, but still in the drilling optimization and efficiency discipline, as a known problematic, a considerably low performance is experienced when drilling throughout the Pre-salt carbonates itself. A lot of already known rate of penetration (ROP) modeling and Specific Energy (SE) studies have been developed and improved during the past 50 years, helping in post- and pre-operational analysis, allowing simulations and tendency estimations, enabling a better understanding of possible parameters and design combinations aiming operations optimization and efficiency enhancement. In this context, the researches focus on well monitoring/analysis automation of processes and optimization with focus in operational performance enhancement having as a case study, mainly, the wells from the Brazilian Pre-salt fields. Thus, considering the actual global scenario of the petroleum industry, where, due to several factors, a diminishment of the operations in a world-wide basis are evident, there are common need in joining efforts, not just nationally, but also internationally, in the sake of seeking for development, implementation and deployment of novel and innovative processes and products capable of boosting the industry, guaranteeing an increase in efficiency while maintaining a still safe work environment.

Biography

Andreas Nascimento has completed his PhD from the State University of Sao Paulo (Universidade Estadual Paulista), developed with cooperation with the Department Petroleum Engineering from the Montanuniversität Leoben. Worked at Schlumberger Oil Field Services in Angola, and now a day is heading the Department of Engineering and Technology from the Federal University of Espirito Santo in Brazil. Published several papers in peer reviewed journals and in conferences as well.

Speaker
Andreas Nascimento / 1Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

Abstract

We are committed to delivering the very latest business knowledge to our clients. Our services encourage quality learning & empower clients to deepen their knowledge, engage in the learning process, further develop their skills & enhance their career potential. In addition, we provide unrestricted access to our Knowledge Resource Centre which offers a variety of management tools, book reviews, insights that unpack the latest industry news, and features written by leading business professionals. We aim to provide quality-driven services and exceptional customer care. Our commitment to deliver training and development for excellence is seen in the accomplishments of our esteemed faculty, our notable accreditations and affiliations, and in our provision of thoughtful services which can be applied in the changing marketplace. We are also adamant in our review of feedback from clients and end devour to continuously achieve higher standards of excellence. We are committed to broadening learning and development, by including individuals and organizations from various sectors, demographics and cultures. As a multicultural organization with a global client base, we welcome informed perspectives from our clients, suppliers and partners. We are sensitive to the cultural requirements of our clients and ensure our services are delivered with the utmost respect and ethicality.

Biography

Hisham has completed his B.Sc. from Tripoli University, Faculty of science Libya. He is the marketing executive of company, a premier Bio-Soft service organization.

Speaker
Hisham Omar ElGadi / Jegos for services and training company
Libya

Abstract

The tight sand reservoir in Xujiahe formation of upper Triassic in Sichuan Basin contains huge resources of natural gas, it is one of the most important exploration and development layer system. Practice shows that the Xujiahe formation gas reservoir is very complex:thin reservoirs,strong heterogeneity,the distribution of gas and water is very complicated,so it seriously affectes the Xujiahe gas reservoir exploration and development benefits. How to accurate identification of gas and water and improve the prediction accuracy of gas enrichment zone are essential to the development of the gas reservoir. Based on the analysis of reservoir rock physics and forward modeling,it summarizes the AVO response characteristics of gas and water layer, establishes a new method of near stack section and far stack section comparative analysis and forms the key method of Main amplitude and Main frequency technique.The methods are used to detect gas and water and forecast gas-rich region in many blocks at Anyue-Gaoshiti areas in the middle of Sichuan Basin,and the reliability of the prediction results has been confirmed by a large number of new drilling wells.

Biography

Li Xinyu Graduated from Southwest Petroleum University ,China in 2011,and obtained the master degree ,And now he works in Petrochina Research Institute of petroleum Exploration & Development..He is mainly engaged in the research of reservoir prediction and hydrocarbon detection ,he has published several articles in China and abroad core journals

Speaker
Li Xinyu / Petrochina Research Institute of petroleum Exploration & Development
China

Abstract

Petroleum sludge contains, tightly emulsified oil and water stabilized with clay, sand, metal oxides, metal sulfides or precipitated hydrocarbons and insoluble paraffin waxes. Formation and presence of sludge loses of huge quantities from the produced crude oil and reduces the efficiency of the treatment equipment and the working capacity of the storage tanks. On other hand, the sludge causes difficulties in handling and transportation of crude oil through pipelines due to blockage of pipelines especially in cold weather. The health risk for employees involved in sludge removal operations from storage tanks and other equipment urge to innovation of a new safe and economic technology for desludging and Cleaning of storage petroleum tanks and pressure vessels via oil Recovery from the treated sludge. The new technology is based on no man entry technique and based on thermos-chemical treatment.

Biography

Prof. Abdel-Azim Ahmed has completed his PhD from Salford University, UK and postdoctoral studies from Texas University at Austin, USA. He has been the head of Petroleum Application Department and now He is the director of Tanks Services Center, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute. He has published more than 100 papers in reputed journals and attended more than 25 conference and has been serving as an editorial board member of POLYCHAR World Forum on Advanced Materials.

Speaker
Abdel-Azim A. Abdel-Azim / Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute
EGYPT.

Abstract

The production of shale gas has increased in many counties during the last decade. This increase led many researchers to focus on studying of the characteristics of shale gas such as pore size distribution,porosity, permeability, and elemental compositions to estimate how much gas can be produced from shale gas reservoir. More recently imaging techniques have been applied to help identify the microstructural properties within shale gas which are, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Focused Ion Beam SEM (FIB-SEM) and three-dimensional x-ray micro tomography (XRT). In this research Focused Ion Beam (FIB-SEM),elemental mapping (EDS), mercury porosimetry (MIP) were used to capture the structure of shale samples. The resulting data have been segmented in order to recognize individual pores down to a resolution at non level 100nm for FIB-SEM. Distributions of pore volume, pore size, pore aspect ratio, surface area to pore volume ratios and pore orientations were calculated from the FIB data. It was found that the porosity obtained from FIB measurements is lower than that obtained using mercury porisimetry, the reason for this which might be displacement of kerogen by the high pressures generated in the mercury technique. Pore volume and size distributions showed all of the shales tested in this work to be multimodal with similar major modal values for volume and pore size. The pores also have a range of pore aspect ratios and surface area to pore volumes. This has implications both for the connectedness of pores and the resultant gas permeability and the effectiveness of gas desorption processes into the gas shale's pores. It was also found that the sample KR-2.5 has a pore aspect ratio distribution that is to a narrow range (1- 4) with a clear upper limit, while Sample CR -2.5 , MD-2.5 and QR-2.5 have a much wider range of pore aspect ratios. KR-2.5 sample also has a narrower surface area to volume ratio than Sample QR-2.5, CR-2.5 and MD-2.5.

Biography

Mohamed holds a First Class bachelor of science in Petroleum Engineering at the University of Tripoli -Libya in 2014 and an MSc in Information and Communication Technology from Cardiff University- Cardiff in 2017. During this time, he worked with Harouge and AKAKUS oil operations companies in the area of crude oil and estimation of reserves . He is currently doing a PhD study in the area of Petroleum Engineering which address by “Fluid Flow and Microstructural Properties of gas shale “ in the Chemical and Process Engineering at University of Leeds.

Speaker
Mohamed / University of Leeds
United Kingdom

Abstract

The global energy demand will nearly double by 2050 and most of the increase will come from the world’s emerging economies as a result of population growth and improved standards of living. In 2015, the UN adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In particular, Goal 7 purposes to “ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”. The Nigerian Gas Flare Commercialization Programme (“NGFCP”) will play an important role in meeting this energy challenge by harnessing Nigeria’s flare gas for sustainable value and wealth creation. Nigeria has the ninth largest gas reserves in the world, with proven reserves of 199 tcf. However, a significant volume of associated gas, is flared. Gas flaring is a tremendous waste of scarce natural resource and fuel, it also contributes to climate change. In 2017, Nigeria ranked 7th place in the league of gas flare nations with approximately 888 MMscf/d from over 178 flare sites out of the more than 16,000 flare sites in 90 countries globally. Lost revenue from the flared associated gas is approximately US$1 billion. The paper also affirm that the NGFCP would reduce Nigeria’s CO 2 emissions by approximately 13 million tons/year, which could also be monetized under an emission credits/carbon sale to generate around US$500 million. Recent efforts by Nigeria government to end gas flaring by 2020 show strong political will to harness these gas resources. In addition to the ratification of the Paris Climate Change Agreement, Nigeria has also endorsed the World Bank’s “Zero Routine Flaring by 2030” (ZRF) Initiative. This paper provides an overview of the NGFCP which seeks to provide a framework to capture and utilize flared gas in viable investments through an auction system to third parties. It also examines the recently gazetted Flare Gas (Prevention of Waste and Pollution) Regulations 2018, the legal basis for the implementation of the NGFCP and the new/increased payment regime for gas flaring, which adopts the “polluter pays” principle, similar to a carbon tax. Results of work done to trigger up to 70 - 85 projects that will utilize flared gas, generate approximately 300,000 direct & indirect jobs, unlock 600,000 MT of LPG, 3000 MW of electricity and annual revenue generation/GDP impact estimated at U$1 billion/annum are also highlighted.. The paper also demonstrate that energy is a critical input for the achievement of the SDGs. The paper concludes that the NGFCP is considered an innovative, robust and scalable approach to gas flare reduction which could be replicable in many other gas flaring countries around the World and it is the first market driven program undertaken on this scale globally.

Biography

Mr. Justice O. Derefaka is a Marine Engineering graduate from the Rivers State University (RivSu), Port Harcourt. He has a Master’s degree in Environmental Management from the University of Lagos (Unilag) and a second Master’s degree in Sustainability Leadership from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK). He is also a doctoral research scholar at the University of Bradford, United Kingdom. He is currently the Program Manager (PM) of the Nigerian Gas Flare Commercialization Programme (NGFCP), in the office of Honorable Minister of State, Petroleum Resources, Federal Ministry of Petroleum Resources (MPR), Abuja. In this role and reporting to the NGFCP Ministerial Steering Committee (SteerCo), Derefaka manages the NGFCP which is designed as the strategy to implement the policy objectives of the Federal Government (FG) for the elimination of gas flares from Nigeria’s oil & gas fields in the near term (2-3 years), with potentially enormous multiplier and development outcomes for Nigeria as well as Nigeria’s commitments as ratified at the Paris Climate Change Agreement (COP21) which included gas flaring reduction as a key national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (iNDC’s). Prior this role, Mr. Justice manages occupational health, safety and environment (HSE) for all pipeline asset for The Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC). Previously, he was with Shell Nigeria Exploration and Production Company Limited (SNEPCo) as the Head, Environment and Social Performance. At different times in SPDC, he was the Corporate Head: Materials and Waste Management Discipline and subject matter expert (SME) for Shell Companies in Nigeria (SCiN) and Shell Gabon respectively.

Speaker
Justice O. Derefaka / Nigerian Gas Flare Commercialization Programme
Abuja

Abstract

Vertical multiphase flow gradient curves for four wells in X- field were constructed using actual flowing pressure survey data, the vertical multiphase flow gradient curved were also constructed using appropriate multiphase flow vertical correlations by utilizing reservoir, well and PVT dataMultiphase flow vertical gradients in oil wells are needed for the design of artificial lift systems as well as for the design of well flow productivity. These gradients are measured in the well directly during bottom hole flowing pressure surveys. But in most cases these measurements are not available during the installation of the artificial lift systems. Also these measurements cannot be made if the well is not flowing. In this study we analyzed pressure gradient (pressure vs. depth) for four wells under gas lift.Also an investigation was made in order to find the best suitable correlation among the existing correlation in the literature for Y- reservoir oil wells.in additional software was used to optimize the best correlation close to actual flowing pressure gradient. These multiphase flow curves were utilized in the preparation of the vertical lift performance (VLP) for the four wells which are used for the determination of the prosper well design, gas lift design.The actual measured vertical flow pressure traverses trend for most wells matches very well with existing multiphase vertical pressure correlations depending on each well, however,the difference between correlation matches for studied wells effected by parameters like (WC%, flow rate, bottom hole flowing pressure and free GOR at surface), accordingly , The selection of the suitable multiphase flow correlation was made by comparing the actual flowing pressure gradient with the existing correlations

Biography

Dr. Rabia Hunky is a Petroleum Engineering Specialist, a researcher and an academics. She has worked for national oil companies, industry and universities around the world. Dr.Rabia Hunky has has been working at National Oil Corporation (NOC) in Libya since 1999 and she has been working at Arabic oil organizing (OAPEC) in Kuwait for two years as petroleum specialist. She taught numerous reservoir engineering, economics and management courses around the world especially in Libya. Dr. Rabia Hunky has 20 years of oil and gas industry experience, she is recently work at Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries OAPEC / Kuwait. She has get agreed Master and PHD from university of Missouri Rolla, USA. She has been working for the National Oil Corporation of Libya (NOC) in the Reservoir and Production Engineering Department. She a graduated from the University of Missouri Science and Technology (MS&T) obtained her Master’s degree from the Petroleum Engineering Department. IN 2008 she was awarded the Schlumberger Faculty for the Future Fund to begin her Ph.D. study at the University of Missouri Science and Technology, Additionally, to her Ph.D. of petroleum Engineer, she got Master degree in Engineering Management & certificate in leadership for Engineering moreover, worth experience at NOC Libya, plus following and participating in many oil projects such as reserves development studies and reservoir & production projects, Drilling, well completion and workover projects, as well as organized and planned oil companies yearly budget, and issues Publications and Conference Presentations.

Speaker
Rabia Hunky / National Oil Corporation
Libya

Abstract

Human health and wellbeing are fundamentally linked to the state of the environment, from the air we breathe, to the water we drink or swim in, to the land we grow our food and build our homes on, and through our experiences of the sounds and smells around us. The best-known health impacts are related to ambient air pollution, poor water quality and insufficient sanitation.Among these threats are an increasing incidence of cancer caused by pollution of air, land and water as well as outbreaks of infectious disease caused by habitat disruption. The world changes and it is important to analyze the relevance of the environment to health at the light of different factors. Increasing evidence exists that human health is influenced by our way of living and dealing with the environment. A clean environment is essential for human health and well-being. However, the interactions between the environment and human health are highly complex and difficult to assess. This makes the use of the precautionary principle particularly very useful,however less is known about the health impacts of hazardous chemicals. Noise is an emerging environment and health issue. Climate change, depletion of stratospheric ozone, loss of biodiversity, and land degradation also have their various grips on human health. Just as our actions and choices affect the environment, the health of the planet influences our personal health and well-being. However, only in recent years have science and technology provided us with ways to measure the correlation between a healthy environment and a healthy body. The natural environment in which we spend our daysand the national and international community in which environmental protections are based must be negotiated to provide both a local and a global perspective by which to consider environmental health. You can agree with me that we have limited resources for identifying and understanding challenges to health or implementing health intervention strategies. Some of the higher-order issues, such as sustainability, must be addressed if we are to achieve better health.We cannot continue to have consumption that outweighs the production capacity of our ecosystems, and we cannot continue to produce waste at a rate that outweighs our ability to assimilate it back into the ecosystems without negatively impacting the environment. A second challenge is to develop baseline data on different environmental stressors. Impacts of a poor environment on public health can be direct or indirect. we have tended historically to focus on the direct effects of pollution on public health for example, toxicity or adverse health effects and less on the bioindicators that can measure direct and indirect effects through impacts on ecological systems.To meet these challenges, we need to develop more holistic and integrated approaches to environmental health that incorporate considerations of human biological and ecological health in order to achieve better understanding of these interrelationships. Many environmental problems stem from our failure to value the natural environment as we should. Ways to Protect the natural environment may include, monitor the health of our local environment actively and continuously, create outreach programs for educating individuals about environmental health issues, continue to address issues related to pollution, Base policy about the environment and health on sound science.

Biography

UGBAJI EMMANUEL UGBEDE has completed a master degree in environmental from Novena University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Public and Community Health Ogume Delta State Nigeria. and postgraduate Diploma from Novena University, Ogume Delta State Nigeria. A bachelor degree in environmental protection and resources management from the university of Calabar, Calabar Cross River State Nigeria, Associate certificate in Environmental Management and Assessment. He is the environment, health and safety consultant at Fenlab and company organization. He has Nebosh, Iosh and he is a senior professional member of the institute of information management,

Speaker
UGBAJI EMMANUEL UGBEDE / Novena University
Nigeria

Abstract

Many countries and regions in Europe and world wide have set ambitous climate and renewable energy targets to be met til 2020, 2030 and 2050. But with which energy system can such targets be met? What technology combination, to which extend, has to be applied to reach the target in a most cost effective way? Can the targets be reached considering technical, social, environmental and economic constraints? What es the effect on Oil and Gas consumption? Within Eurac Research a method has been developed, that allows to model these aspects considering the hour by hour energy consumption for a referenece year. The North-Italian region of Southtyrol with its energy consumption, building stock, landscape and natural resources, transportation mix and its climate plan (target 1.5 ton CO2 emissions / capita till 2050) has been taken as a demo model. Technical, social and environmental constraints have been considered with regards to the possible expansion of renewable energy sources for electricity and heat production. The energy efficiency potential has been considered, especially with regard to the existing building stock. Further more the mobility sector and its transition to zero emission transport has been considered. For both sectors the related effects on gas and oil for heating and on petrol and gasoline consumption for transport have been considered The energy model shows that the target can be reached with a series of measures based on today existing technologies. Considering the cost, the target scenarios show slightly lower overall cost as todays energy system. A big difference is given in the cost structure as a relevant part is shifted from fuel consumption (which is strongly reduced) towards local investment in energy efficiency and renewable technology development (which needs to be strongly enhanced). In the presentation the model, the results and the application on other regions and areas will be shown.

Biography

Wolfram Sparber is heading the Institute for Renewable Energy at Eurac Research. Eurac Research is an applied research centre located in Bolzano-Northern Italy. The Institute focuses on renewable energy applications and energy efficiency in buildings and cities and counts over 100 collaborators. Wolfram Sparber served for over 5 years as vice president of the European Technology and Innovation Platform for Renewable Heating and Cooling (ETIP RHC). Since 2016 he is chairman of the board of directors of the North Italian energy utility Alperia. Alperia is one of the main renewable electricity producers in Italy, and offers a series of services in the field of sustainable energy solutions. Wolfram Sparber studied applied physics at Graz University of Technology and Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.

Speaker
Wolfram Sparber / Eurac Research, Bolzano
Italy

Abstract

One of the most applications of the directional drilling is drilling multiple wells from on location or platform. In drilling multiple wells from one location the major problem that faced is avoiding the collision with the offset wells that drilled near the proposed well in the same region. Therefore, the Potential of Collision between the wells can cause severe catastrophic accidents such as explosion or oil spill. Several measurements or methods should be adopted to control the distance between the wells and avoid the Collision. As result this measurements should ensure safe and economical drilling plan.The work was done on the case study for the design of offshore directional well through innovative method. The Design include directional program and the anti-collision plan for emphasizing the distance between the wells .The anti-collision summary shows that the well is entered only the alert zone and redesign the plan to exit from the alert zone to drill safely and avoid the collision of the offset wells. The travelling cylinder plot that shows the clearance of the planned well and the offset wells through the measured depth and the azimuth of the wells which helps in avoid the collision with offset wells. Similarly, the spider plot shows the projection of the horizontal plane that appear the wells that existing in given area as if not isolation on it as the earth was transparent which is used to avoid the collision between the wells an ensure the separation between the wells is maintained similarly to travelling cylinder.

Biography

Abdulrahman Mohamed has completed his Bsc in Petroleum Engineering from The British university in Egypt, Egypt and Master of Gas production from Cairo University , Egypt. He is Currently Working as Teaching and Reserach Assistant in the British university in Egypt. He has many areas of interest in Drilling, Reservoir, Production Egnieering and Nanotechnology.

Speaker
Abdulrahman Mohamed / British university
Egypt.

Abstract

Refineries worldwide tend to cope with greater quantities of heavy oil as the world is shifting slowly towards heavier oil and higher sulfur content. Heavy crude oils are both higher in contaminant levels and have a composition that makes them more difficult to refine. The objective of the paper is to highlight the most important issues related to heavy crude oils worldwide such as the challenges of processing heavy crudes, drivers behind upgrading and refining heavy crudes and the factors affecting the selection of heavy crude oil refining scheme. The paper also reviews some case studies to explain the measures taken to upgrade and expand the refineries to maximize its flexibility to process heavier crude oils. The paper concluded that refineries with the flexibility to process sourer and heavier crude oils will continue to show positive margins.

Biography

Mr. Mohamed Abohashem is currently a senior process engineer at Assiut Oil Refining Company (ASORC) where he leads a team of process engineers to review process deliverables for a hydrocracking complex project. Previously he has contributed to the supervision of engineering, procurement, construction and startup for a VRU project; he has reviewed process deliverables for basic and detailed engineering for CCR and Isomerization project.

Speaker
Mohamed Abohashem / Assiut Oil Refining Company
Egypt

Abstract

Geology is the study of composition of surface rocks and deep mineral deposits (solid, liquid and gas), structure of the planet, tectonic plates of the earth’s shell, its fluid successive layers, which are located between the solid shell of the earth surface and its hard core, and composed mainly of melted heavy elements, which are subject to very high pressures. Exploration on the other hand is the act of searching for the purpose ofinformation or resources discovery which can occur in all non-sessile animal spices and humans.These definitions reflect geological exploration as the process of finding commercially viable mineral resource and the objective is to locate it in the shortest possible time and at the lowest possible cost. And it can be broken down into three (3) broad groups which are; regional scale that involves the geological maps of prospective region, preparation of work plan, drilling to establish existence of mineralization, marking of priority and ranking of targets. And district scale covers like;submission of prospecting lease, designing exploration scheme with respect to work component, type of exploration method,geological mapping of the target areas, recognition of presence of weathering and alterations, identification of host rock,ground geophysics and geochemistry,data interpretation for reinforcing the drill targets, probable ore reserves and possible resources. Lastly, deposit scale;underground drilling for precise ore boundary, metallurgical test work and environmental baseline reports.

Biography

Ayodeji Olumuyiwa Adeoti has completed his BEng. inMiningfrom Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria. He is international member of UKSHE British International Safety Organization in Health, Safety and Environment.As a result of his excellent leadership dexterity, He was the coordinator formonitoring officer team, World Health Organization, Ogu chapter, Rivers State, Nigeria. My undergraduate thesis titled “Assessment of Granite Quarry for Optimal Developments of Mining Works” in Elegbeka, Ifon, Ondo State, Nigeria. I was awarded the best in my thesis because of the location coverage of my rock samples and the control measures for environmental impacts.

Speaker
Ayodeji Olumuyiwa Adeoti / Federal University of Technology Akure
NIGERIA

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